Als Inuit (Inuktitut: „Menschen“) bezeichnen sich diejenigen Volksgruppen, die im arktischen Tiere wurden nun von den Inuit nicht mehr in erster Linie gejagt, um Nahrung und Kleidung für das Überleben in der Arktis zu gewinnen. üller: Lernwerkstatt „Inuit – Leben in der Arktis“. 1. Unterstreiche im Text mit einem farbigen Stift, was die Inuit aßen und tranken. 2. Wie lange sind die. Die in Grönland lebenden Inuit sind an ein extremes Klima und eine sehr spezielle fettreiche Ernährung angepasst - nun fanden Forscher eine.
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Verboten sind bei der Eskimo-Diät Fleisch, Alkohol, viel Salz sowie zuckerhaltige Speisen. Hinzu kommt die Empfehlung, Fettfische wie Hering, Lachs oder Makrele im Wechsel mit mageren Fischarten wie Seelachs, Scholle oder Rotbarsch zu essen. Die traditionelle Nahrung der Inuit widersprach der lange Zeit gängigen Lehre von gesunder Ernährung. Auf ihre über Jahrtausende erfolgreiche Lebensweise. Naturvölker ernähren sich zum Teil anders, als wir es in unserer Gesellschaft heute tun. Wie sieht die Inuit-Ernährung und die. Die in Grönland lebenden Inuit sind an ein extremes Klima und eine sehr spezielle fettreiche Ernährung angepasst - nun fanden Forscher eine. Robben- und Walfleisch und viel fetter Fisch – warum bleiben die Inuit trotz dieser extrem deftigen Ernährungsweise gesund? Die Fischöle. Als Inuit (Inuktitut: „Menschen“) bezeichnen sich diejenigen Volksgruppen, die im arktischen Tiere wurden nun von den Inuit nicht mehr in erster Linie gejagt, um Nahrung und Kleidung für das Überleben in der Arktis zu gewinnen. Die Inuit-Ernährung ist immer noch kein gutes Beispiel für uns. von Chris Michalk, Biologe.
Die Inuit-Ernährung ist immer noch kein gutes Beispiel für uns. von Chris Michalk, Biologe. Gewehre und Motorschlitten, moderne Kleidung und elektrischer Strom haben das Leben im Eis viel leichter gemacht, als es früher war. Andere. was tut uns gut? Udo Rabast. · Inuit in Grönland Seit langem sind Besonderheiten in der Ernährung der Inuit bekannt. In der traditionellen Kost.
Inuit Ernährung FOOD & DRINK VideoOld film of inuit from East Greenland. Von drei Sternen zerrissen. Eine teilweise Vermischung mit älteren Ureinwohnern Indianern ist in einigen Küstengruppen durchaus nachweisbar. Die Fischöle galten lange als das Bobs Burger Stream Bs in der fetten Polar-Diät. Ich bin ein wenig überrascht und sehe es Sylvester Stallone Sohn wenig widersprüchlich, wenn man einerseits an eine Körperintelligenz glaubt, die die Dinge regelt, wenn man sie nur konzentriert genug wahrnimmt — dann aber für ca. Wir sind Geruch. üller: Lernwerkstatt „Inuit – Leben in der Arktis“. 1. Unterstreiche im Text mit einem farbigen Stift, was die Inuit aßen und tranken. 2. Wie lange sind die. Gewehre und Motorschlitten, moderne Kleidung und elektrischer Strom haben das Leben im Eis viel leichter gemacht, als es früher war. Andere. was tut uns gut? Udo Rabast. · Inuit in Grönland Seit langem sind Besonderheiten in der Ernährung der Inuit bekannt. In der traditionellen Kost. In May after being re-elected for her second term, Ms. A traditional Inuit diet consists almost entirely Hdstreamorg protein and fat. Holding a master's degree in curriculum and Instruction, she has written training materials for three school districts. Tv. Now of Ageing and Development The more sparsely settled Teletubbis in the Central Arctic, however, did so less often. Garden City, N. The husky dog West Is West comes from the Betty Davis Husky.
Inuit Ernährung Search and menus VideoLeben ohne Zucker: Gut für die Gesundheit? - Doku - NDR - 45 Min
Igloolik Inuit women and child in traditional parkas. Indigenous cultures Indigenous personalities Country food Music.
Traditional beliefs Inuit religion. Main article: Inuit culture. Main article: Inuit languages. Main article: Inuit diet. Main articles: Inuit art and Inuit clothing.
See also: Eskimo kinship and Inuit women. Further information: Suicide in Greenland and Suicide among Canadian aboriginal people.
Leenaars, Suicide in Canada . See also: Indian hospital. Main article: Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit. See also: Inuit mythology and Shamanism among Eskimo peoples.
Main article: Greenlandic Inuit. See also: Kalaallit and History of Greenland. Central Intelligence Agency.
Retrieved November 13, Retrieved United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 20, Statistics Denmark. Retrieved July 22, Retrieved 17 Oct Berghahn Books.
Archived from the original on Universiteit van Amsterdam. Archived from the original on 19 September Retrieved 1 August Department of Justice Canada.
American Antiquity. Trigger; Wilcomb E. Washburn Cambridge University Press. Dean; Geoffrey J. Matthews Concise Historical Atlas of Canada.
University of Toronto Press. Cole; R. Louis Gentilcore; Geoffrey J. Matthews; Donald P. Kerr Historical Atlas of Canada. Archived from the original PDF on Diamond Penguin University of California.
Hoffecker Rutgers University Press. Museum Tusculanum Press. W North American Archaeologist. Vanished Mystery Men of Hudson Bay.
CX No. National Geographic Magazine. Library and Archives Canada. National Museum of Natural History. Smithsonian Institution. June Archived from the original PDF on May 14, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
Perrin; Bernd Wursig; J. Thewissen Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals. Academic Press. The Telegram. Archived from the original on October 31, CBC News.
In Arctic , ed. David Damas. William C. Sturtevant, pp. Washington, D. Handbook of North American Indians, Vol. Retrieved 18 Oct Stern 27 July Historical Dictionary of the Inuit.
Scarecrow Press. McGill-Queen's Press. Taylor and Francis. Not included are the myriad of other species of plants and animals that Inuit use, such as geese, ducks, rabbits, ptarmigan, swans, halibut, clams, mussels, cod, berries and seaweed.
Uqalurait: An Oral History of Nunavut. McGill-Queen's University Press. For some, these foods were a treat; Asuilaak Living Dictionary. Lewis; Sheldon A.
Feldman; C. Bruce Taylor Am J Clin Nutr. Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami. February Archived from the original PDF on October 23, Retrieved May 29, Health Reports.
New York Times. Retrieved October 11, Retrieved July 16, Kadlun; B. Kitikmeot Heritage Society. ICE Publishing. Bruce G. Trigger and Wilcomb E.
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge Histories Online. Burch, Jr. May 26, Archived from the original on June 20, Eskimo Essays. Canadian Historical Review.
September Winter Southwestern Journal of Anthropology. Alaska Native Science Commission. A Yupiaq World View. Waveland Press Inc.
The Eskimos. University of Oklahoma Press. Given the importance that Eskimos attached to the aged, it is surprising that so many Westerners believe that they systematically eliminated elderly people as soon as they became incapable of performing the duties related to hunting or sewing.
Kral; Ronald J. Dyck Suicide in Canada. The Netsilik Eskimo. Garden City, N. Y: Doubleday. October American Anthropologist.
The Edwin Mellen Press. The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Society. Sasquatch Books. Touch Alaska. Nunavut Arctic College. Listening to our past.
Emond Montgomery Publications. Statistics Canada. January 15, Retrieved January 25, Retrieved on NunatuKavut Our Ancient Land.
Retrieved 20 June Position paper for the 5th NRF open assembly. Can Med Assoc J. Myopia and nearwork. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann. June 23, Retrieved 9 April Further information: Bibliography of Canadian Aboriginals.
Alia, Valerie Billson, Janet Mancini; Kyra Mancini Inuit women: their powerful spirit in a century of change.
Briggs, Jean L. Never in Anger: Portrait of an Eskimo Family. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. Forman, Werner; Burch, Ernest S.
Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. Informational webpage related to the TV documentary, Inuit Odyssey , shown below in the External links section.
Crandall, Richard C Inuit Art: A History. De Poncins, Gontran. Paul, MN: Graywolf Press, originally Eber, Dorothy Encounters on the Passage: Inuit meet the explorers.
Traditional Inuit songs from the Thule area, Volume 2. Hessell, Ingo Hund, Andrew Kulchyski, Peter Keith; Frank J.
Tester Kiumajut talking back : game management and Inuit rights, — UBC Press. King, J. H; Birgit Pauksztat; Robert Storrie Sie lernten durch ihre Erfahrung, wie sie aus der verfügbaren Nahrung die notwendigen Nährstoffe erhalten konnten.
Stand: Sie befinden sich hier: Planet Wissen Kultur Völker. Neuer Abschnitt. Weiterführende Infos.
Neuer Abschnitt Stand: Wild mammals and cold water fish are rich in healthy monounsaturated fat and omega-3 fatty acids. This may partially account for the health that the Inuit enjoy on this diet.
The Inuit consume many parts of the animals they hunt, including bone marrow, brains and organ meats. These are a concentrated source of vitamin A, several B vitamins and iron.
They also provide enough vitamin C to keep them from suffering a deficiency. Kelp, a sea vegetable, also is part of the Inuit diet, and it offers significant amounts of calcium, magnesium, iron, folate and other micronutrients.
As a result of their traditional diet, the Inuit are protected against many diseases. As the Inuit people gain exposure to mainstream culture, their diet has changed.
Western foods that include sugar, refined grains and trans fats are now part of many Inuit people's diet.
Even 15 years ago, the Inuit had obesity rates rivaling those of mainstream Americans, according to research published in the April journal "Human Biology.
A traditional Inuit diet consists almost entirely of protein and fat. These indigenous people are unable to grow crops on the frozen tundra; they subsist on wild fish and game.
While some proponents of low-carb dieting have pointed to the Inuit as an example of healthy people who do not consume many carbohydrates, it's important to consider the big picture.
In the October issue of "Discovery Magazine," writer Patricia Gadsby explains that the Inuit's bodies have adapted to better handle the process of gluconeogenesis, in which the body turns fat and protein into useable glucose.
The Inuit have larger livers and a larger volume of urine than the average human, which helps their bodies to process the byproducts of their diet.
The meat that Inuit eat is fatty meat from wild animals. The Inuit and other hunter-gatherer people tend to eat no more than 40 percent protein.
Too much protein can stress the liver until ill health or death occurs, according to evolutionary nutritionist Loren Cordain in "Discover Magazine.
The nutritional profile of the fat that these animals provide is significantly different from that of the farm-raised animals that are consumed by the average American, however.
Wild mammals and cold water fish are rich in healthy monounsaturated fat and omega-3 fatty acids. Inuit in Alaska and Northern Canada also typically speak English.
Finally, Deaf Inuit speak Inuit Sign Language , which is a language isolate and almost extinct as only around 50 people still speak it.
The Inuit have traditionally been fishers and hunters. They still hunt whales esp. Grasses , tubers , roots , stems , berries , and seaweed kuanniq or edible seaweed were collected and preserved depending on the season and the location.
In the s, anthropologist Vilhjalmur Stefansson lived with and studied a group of Inuit. Stefansson also observed that the Inuit were able to get the necessary vitamins they needed from their traditional winter diet, which did not contain any plant matter.
In particular, he found that adequate vitamin C could be obtained from items in their traditional diet of raw meat such as ringed seal liver and whale skin muktuk.
While there was considerable skepticism when he reported these findings, they have been borne out in recent studies and analyses.
Because of this property, the design was copied by Europeans and Americans who still produce them under the Inuit name kayak.
Inuit also made umiaq "woman's boat" , larger open boats made of wood frames covered with animal skins, for transporting people, goods, and dogs.
In the winter, Inuit would also hunt sea mammals by patiently watching an aglu breathing hole in the ice and waiting for the air-breathing seals to use them.
This technique is also used by the polar bear, who hunts by seeking holes in the ice and waiting nearby.
In winter, both on land and on sea ice, the Inuit used dog sleds qamutik for transportation. The husky dog breed comes from the Siberian Husky.
These dogs were bred from wolves, for transportation. The Inuit used stars to navigate at sea and landmarks to navigate on land; they possessed a comprehensive native system of toponymy.
Where natural landmarks were insufficient, the Inuit would erect an inukshuk. Also, Greenland Inuit created Ammassalik wooden maps , which are tactile devices that represent the coast line.
Dogs played an integral role in the annual routine of the Inuit. Yearlong they assisted with hunting by sniffing out seals' holes and pestering polar bears.
They also protected the Inuit villages by barking at bears and strangers. The Inuit generally favored, and tried to breed, the most striking and handsome of dogs, especially ones with bright eyes and a healthy coat.
The Inuit would perform rituals over the newborn pup to give it favorable qualities; the legs were pulled to make them grow strong and the nose was poked with a pin to enhance the sense of smell.
Inuit industry relied almost exclusively on animal hides, driftwood , and bones, although some tools were also made out of worked stones, particularly the readily worked soapstone.
Walrus ivory was a particularly essential material, used to make knives. Art played a big part in Inuit society and continues to do so today.
Small sculptures of animals and human figures, usually depicting everyday activities such as hunting and whaling, were carved from ivory and bone.
In modern times prints and figurative works carved in relatively soft stone such as soapstone , serpentinite , or argillite have also become popular.
Traditional Inuit clothing and footwear is made from animal skins, sewn together using needles made from animal bones and threads made from other animal products, such as sinew.
The anorak parka is made in a similar fashion by Arctic peoples from Europe through Asia and the Americas, including the Inuit. The hood of an amauti , women's parka, plural amautiit was traditionally made extra large with a separate compartment below the hood to allow the mother to carry a baby against her back and protect it from the harsh wind.
Styles vary from region to region, from the shape of the hood to the length of the tails. Boots mukluk or kamik  , could be made of caribou or seal skin, and designed for men and women.
During the winter, certain Inuit lived in a temporary shelter made from snow called an igloo , and during the few months of the year when temperatures were above freezing, they lived in tents, known as tupiq ,  made of animal skins supported by a frame of bones or wood.
The division of labor in traditional Inuit society had a strong gender component, but it was not absolute. The men were traditionally hunters and fishermen and the women took care of the children, cleaned the home, sewed, processed food, and cooked.
However, there are numerous examples of women who hunted, out of necessity or as a personal choice. At the same time men, who could be away from camp for several days at a time, would be expected to know how to sew and cook.
The marital customs among the Inuit were not strictly monogamous : many Inuit relationships were implicitly or explicitly sexual.
Open marriages , polygamy , divorce , and remarriage were known. Among some Inuit groups, if there were children, divorce required the approval of the community and particularly the agreement of the elders.
Marriages were often arranged , sometimes in infancy , and occasionally forced on the couple by the community.
Marriage was common for women at puberty and for men when they became productive hunters. Family structure was flexible: a household might consist of a man and his wife or wives and children; it might include his parents or his wife's parents as well as adopted children; it might be a larger formation of several siblings with their parents, wives and children; or even more than one family sharing dwellings and resources.
Every household had its head, an elder or a particularly respected man. There was also a larger notion of community as, generally, several families shared a place where they wintered.
Goods were shared within a household, and also, to a significant extent, within a whole community. The Inuit were hunter—gatherers ,  and have been referred to as nomadic.
Loud singing and drumming were also customary after a birth. Virtually all Inuit cultures have oral traditions of raids by other indigenous peoples, including fellow Inuit, and of taking vengeance on them in return, such as the Bloody Falls massacre.
Western observers often regarded these tales as generally not entirely accurate historical accounts, but more as self-serving myths.
However, evidence shows that Inuit cultures had quite accurate methods of teaching historical accounts to each new generation.
The historic accounts of violence against outsiders does make clear that there was a history of hostile contact within the Inuit cultures and with other cultures.
The known confederations were usually formed to defend against a more prosperous, and thus stronger, nation.
Alternately, people who lived in less productive geographical areas tended to be less warlike, as they had to spend more time producing food.
Justice within Inuit culture was moderated by the form of governance that gave significant power to the elders. As in most cultures around the world, justice could be harsh and often included capital punishment for serious crimes against the community or the individual.
During raids against other peoples, the Inuit, like their non-Inuit neighbors, tended to be merciless.
A pervasive European myth about Inuit is that they killed elderly senicide and "unproductive people",  but this is not generally true. In Antoon A.
Leenaars ' book Suicide in Canada he states that " Rasmussen found that the death of elders by suicide was a commonplace among the Iglulik Inuit".
According to Franz Boas , suicide was "not of rare occurrence" and was generally accomplished through hanging.
Aged people who have outlived their usefulness and whose life is a burden both to themselves and their relatives are put to death by stabbing or strangulation.
This is customarily done at the request of the individual concerned, but not always so. Aged people who are a hindrance on the trail are abandoned.
When food is not sufficient, the elderly are the least likely to survive. In the extreme case of famine , the Inuit fully understood that, if there was to be any hope of obtaining more food, a hunter was necessarily the one to feed on whatever food was left.
However, a common response to desperate conditions and the threat of starvation was infanticide. The belief that the Inuit regularly resorted to infanticide may be due in part to studies done by Asen Balikci,  Milton Freeman  and David Riches  among the Netsilik, along with the trial of Kikkik.
The research is neither complete nor conclusive to allow for a determination of whether infanticide was a rare or a widely practiced event.
Anthropologists believed that Inuit cultures routinely killed children born with physical defects because of the demands of the extreme climate.
These views were changed by late 20th century discoveries of burials at an archaeological site. Between and , a storm with high winds caused ocean waves to erode part of the bluffs near Barrow, Alaska , and a body was discovered to have been washed out of the mud.
Unfortunately the storm claimed the body, which was not recovered. But examination of the eroded bank indicated that an ancient house, perhaps with other remains, was likely to be claimed by the next storm.
The site, known as the "Ukkuqsi archaeological site", was excavated. Several frozen bodies now known as the "frozen family" were recovered, autopsies were performed, and they were re-interred as the first burials in the then-new Imaiqsaun Cemetery south of Barrow.
It was a female child, approximately 9 years old, who had clearly been born with a congenital birth defect. Autopsies near Greenland reveal that, more commonly pneumonia , kidney diseases , trichinosis , malnutrition , and degenerative disorders may have contributed to mass deaths among different Inuit tribes.
The Inuit believed that the causes of the disease were of a spiritual origin. Canadian churches and, eventually, the federal government, ran the earliest health facilities for the Inuit population, whether fully segregated hospitals or "annexes" and wards attached to settler hospitals.
These " Indian hospitals " were focused on treating people for tuberculosis, though diagnosis was difficult and treatment involved forced removal of individuals from their communities for in-patient confinement in other parts of the country.
Was times More common among the Canadian Inuit than it is among non-indigenous southern Canadians. In the incidence in Nunavut Inuit traditional laws are anthropologically different from Western law concepts.
Customary law was thought non-existent in Inuit society before the introduction of the Canadian legal system. Hoebel , in , concluded that only "rudimentary law" existed amongst the Inuit.
No known Western observer before was aware that any form of governance existed among any Inuit,  however, there was a set way of doing things that had to be followed:.
If an individual's actions went against the tirigusuusiit, maligait or piqujait, the angakkuq shaman might have to intervene, lest the consequences be dire to the individual or the community.
We are told today that Inuit never had laws or "maligait". They say because they are not written on paper. When I think of paper, I think you can tear it up, and the laws are gone.
The laws of the Inuit are not on paper. The environment in which the Inuit lived inspired a mythology filled with adventure tales of whale and walrus hunts.
Long winter months of waiting for caribou herds or sitting near breathing holes hunting seals gave birth to stories of mysterious and sudden appearance of ghosts and fantastic creatures.
Some Inuit looked into the aurora borealis , or northern lights, to find images of their family and friends dancing in the next life.
This tale is still told to children today. The nearest thing to a central deity was the Old Woman Sedna , who lived beneath the sea.
The waters, a central food source, were believed to contain great gods. The Inuit practiced a form of shamanism based on animist principles.
They believed that all things had a form of spirit, including humans, and that to some extent these spirits could be influenced by a pantheon of supernatural entities that could be appeased when one required some animal or inanimate thing to act in a certain way.
The angakkuq of a community of Inuit was not the leader, but rather a sort of healer and psychotherapist , who tended wounds and offered advice, as well as invoking the spirits to assist people in their lives.
Their role was to see, interpret and exhort the subtle and unseen. Angakkuit were not trained; they were held to be born with the ability and recognized by the community as they approached adulthood.
Inuit religion was closely tied to a system of rituals integrated into the daily life of the people. These rituals were simple but held to be necessary.
According to a customary Inuit saying,. By believing that all things, including animals, have souls like those of humans, any hunt that failed to show appropriate respect and customary supplication would only give the liberated spirits cause to avenge themselves.
The harshness and unpredictability of life in the Arctic ensured that Inuit lived with concern for the uncontrollable, where a streak of bad luck could destroy an entire community.
To offend a spirit was to risk its interference with an already marginal existence. The Inuit understood that they had to work in harmony with supernatural powers to provide the necessities of day-to-day life.
Although the 50,  Inuit listed in the Canada Census can be found throughout Canada the majority, 44,, live in four regions. As of the Canada Census there were 4, Inuit living in Newfoundland and Labrador  and about 2, live in Nunatsiavut.
As of the Canada Census there were 24, Inuit living in Nunavut. As of the Canada Census there were 10, Inuit living in Quebec.
The population size of Greenlandic people in Denmark varies from source to source between 15, and 20, According to figures from Statistics Denmark there are 15, people residing in Denmark of Greenlandic Inuit ancestry.
Nonetheless, it has come together with other circumpolar cultural and political groups to promote the Inuit and other northern people in their fight against ecological problems such as climate change which disproportionately affects the Inuit population.
At that event they signed the Nuuk Declaration. They are officially represented by the Inuvialuit Regional Corporation and, in , received a comprehensive land claims settlement, the first in Northern Canada, with the signing of the Inuvialuit Final Agreement.
This agreement called for the separation of the Northwest Territories into an eastern territory whose Aboriginal population would be predominately Inuit,  the future Nunavut, and a rump Northwest Territories in the west.
It was the largest land claim agreement in Canadian history. The Canadian Parliament passed the supporting legislation in June of the same year, enabling the establishment of Nunavut as a territorial entity.
Although still a part of the Kingdom of Denmark along with Denmark proper and the Faroe Islands , Greenland, known as Kalaallit Nunaat in the Greenlandic language , maintains much autonomy today.
Their economy is based on fishing and shrimping. The Thule people arrived in Greenland in the 13th century.
There they encountered the Norsemen, who had established colonies there since the late 10th century, as well as a later wave of the Dorset people. Because most of Greenland is covered in ice, the Greenland Inuit or Kalaallit only live in coastal settlements, particularly the northern polar coast, the eastern Amassalik coast and the central coasts of western Greenland.
Alaska is governed as a state with very limited autonomy for Alaska Native peoples. European colonization of Alaska started in the 18th century by Russia.
By the s, the Russian government was considering ridding itself of its Russian America colony. Alaska was officially incorporated to United States on January 3, Barrow , the northernmost city in the United States , is in the Inupiat region.
A genetic study published in Science in August examined a large number of remains from the Dorset culture , Birnirk culture and the Thule people.
Genetic contuinity was observed between the Inuit, Thule and Birnirk, who overwhelmingly carried the maternal haplogroup A2a and were genetically very different from the Dorset.
The evidence suggested that the Inuit descend from the Birnirk of Siberia, who through the Thule culture expanded into northern Canada and Greenland, where they genetically and culturally completely replaced the indigenous Dorset people some time after AD.
Inuit art , carving, print making, textiles and Inuit throat singing , are very popular, not only in Canada but globally, and Inuit artists are widely known.
Canada has adopted some of the Inuit culture as national symbols, using Inuit cultural icons like the inukshuk in unlikely places, such as its use as a symbol at the Winter Olympics in Vancouver.
Respected art galleries display Inuit art, the largest collection of which is at the Winnipeg Art Gallery. Their traditional New Year is called Quviasukvik.
Some Inuit languages, such as Inuktitut, appears to have a more secure future in Quebec and Nunavut. There are a surprising number of Inuit, even those who now live in urban centres such as Ottawa , Montreal and Winnipeg , who have experienced living on the land in the traditional life style.
Inuit culture is alive and vibrant today in spite of the negative impacts of recent history. An important biennial event, the Arctic Winter Games , is held in communities across the northern regions of the world, featuring traditional Inuit and northern sports as part of the events.
A cultural event is also held. The games were first held in , and while rotated usually among Alaska, Yukon and the Northwest Territories, they have also been held in Schefferville , Quebec, in , in Slave Lake , Alberta , and a joint Iqaluit, Nunavut- Nuuk , Greenland staging in In other sporting events, Jordin Tootoo became the first Inuk to play in the National Hockey League in the —04 season, playing for the Nashville Predators.
Although Inuit life has changed significantly over the past century, many traditions continue. Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit , or traditional knowledge, such as storytelling, mythology, music , and dancing remain important parts of the culture.
Family and community are very important. The Inuktitut language is still spoken in many areas of the Arctic and is common on radio and in television programming.
In May after being re-elected for her second term, Ms. In July she was sworn in as the Minister of the Environment. Visual and performing arts are strong features of Inuit culture.
In the first feature film in Inuktitut, Atanarjuat: The Fast Runner , was released worldwide to great critical and popular acclaim. It was directed by Zacharias Kunuk , and written, filmed, produced, directed, and acted almost entirely by the Inuit of Igloolik.
Susan Aglukark is a popular singer. Mitiarjuk Attasie Nappaaluk worked at preserving Inuktitut and wrote one of the first novels ever published in that language.
Recently, there has been an identity struggle among the younger generations of Inuit, between their traditional heritage and the modern society which their cultures have been forced to assimilate into in order to maintain a livelihood.
With current dependence on modern society for necessities, including governmental jobs, food, aid, medicine, etc. The stressors regarding the identity crisis among teenagers have led to disturbingly high numbers of suicide.
A series of authors has focused upon the increasing myopia in the youngest generations of Inuit. Myopia was almost unknown prior to the Inuit adoption of western culture.
Principal theories are the change to a western style diet with more refined foods, and extended education. David Pisurayak Kootook was awarded the Meritorious Service Cross, posthumously, for his heroic efforts in a plane crash.
Other notable Inuk people include the freelance journalist Ossie Michelin, whose iconic photograph of the activist Amanda Polchies went viral after the anti-fracking protests at Elsipogtog First Nation.
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