Und am Airport Rom-Fiumicino zieht die Guardia di Finanza gefälschte Luxus-Accessoires aus dem Verkehr. „Border Control“ zeigt erfahrene Zollbeamte beim. Many translated example sentences containing "border control" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. Übersetzung im Kontext von „border control“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: external border control, border control point.
Border Control Servicemeu
Die Dokumentarreihe begleitet die Grenzschützer Spaniens bei ihrer täglichen Verbrechensbekämpfung. Rund um die Uhr sind die Männer und Frauen im Einsatz, um Drogenhändlern, Schlepperbanden und Schmugglern zuvorzukommen. Und am Airport Rom-Fiumicino zieht die Guardia di Finanza gefälschte Luxus-Accessoires aus dem Verkehr. „Border Control“ zeigt erfahrene Zollbeamte beim. Travel restrictions / border control. What restrictions apply to air and sea travel outside of the European Union? Many translated example sentences containing "border control" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. DokumentationReality. Border Control - Spaniens Grenzschützer 5 Staffeln. Haschisch-Transporte, organisierter Menschenhandel und gefälschte Markenartikel. Die United States Border Patrol (USBP) ist ein uniformierter und bewaffneter Polizeiverband der United States Customs and Border Protection (CBP), das. Die am 1. März aufgestellte U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP; englisch für ‚Zoll- und Grenzschutzbehörde der Vereinigten Staaten') ist eine.
DokumentationReality. Border Control - Spaniens Grenzschützer 5 Staffeln. Haschisch-Transporte, organisierter Menschenhandel und gefälschte Markenartikel. Die United States Border Patrol (USBP) ist ein uniformierter und bewaffneter Polizeiverband der United States Customs and Border Protection (CBP), das. secunet eID PKI Suite for issuance and verification of eID documents.
Main article: Indo-Tibetan Border Police. Main article: Immigration and Checkpoints Authority. Main article: Directorate General of Immigration Indonesia.
Main article: Canada Border Services Agency. Main article: UK Visas and Immigration. Main article: Border Force.
Main article: Immigration Enforcement. Main article: U. Customs and Border Protection. Main article: Transport Security Administration.
Immigration and Customs Enforcement. Main article: Immigration Department Hong Kong. Main article: National Immigration Agency.
Main article: Immigrant investor programs. See also: Golden visa. Main articles: Lhotshampa and Bhutanese refugees.
Cyclepath on the border of The Netherlands cyclepath and Germany gravelroad. But the purpose of the law since , and the manner in which it is implemented, make sure that ethnic origin is in fact and in practice a deciding factor.
It is, however, a matter of concern that such status does not grant the bearer the right of abode in the United Kingdom and contrasts with the full citizenship status conferred upon a predominantly white population living in another dependent territory.
It is noted that most of the persons holding BNO or BOC status are Asians and that judgements on applications for citizenship appear to vary according to the country of origin, which leads to the assumption that this practice reveals elements of racial discrimination.
It is therefore I represent most of all those who live here to firmly request and demand you to grant us the right to full British citizenship so that we can, if we so wish, live in the United Kingdom, our Motherland I say to you that the right of abode in the United Kingdom is the best and the only definitive guarantee With your failure to give us such a guarantee, reluctant as I may, I must advise the people of Hong Kong, and urgently now, each to seek for themselves a home of last resort even if they have to leave to do so.
I do so because, as a legislator, my duty is with the people first and the stability and prosperity of Hong Kong second, although the two are so interdependent on each other They were not deprived of their right of abode after the transfer of sovereignty of Macau in , their Portuguese passports and citizenship are valid and inheritable, and it turned out that many of them still choose to stay in Macau.
In reality, they had no economic infrastructure worth mentioning and with few exceptions encompassed swaths of disconnected territory.
This meant all the Bantustans were little more than puppet states controlled by South Africa. Throughout the existence of the independent Bantustans, South Africa remained the only country to recognise their independence.
Nevertheless, internal organisations of many countries, as well as the South African government, lobbied for their recognition. For example, upon the foundation of Transkei, the Swiss-South African Association encouraged the Swiss government to recognise the new state.
In , leading up to a United States House of Representatives resolution urging the President to not recognise Transkei, the South African government intensely lobbied lawmakers to oppose the bill.
While the bill fell short of its needed two-thirds vote, a simple majority of lawmakers nevertheless supported the resolution.
Also known as the natives law, pass laws severely limited the movements of not only blacks, but other peoples as well e. Asians by requiring them to carry pass books when outside their homelands or designated areas.
Before the s, this legislation largely applied to African men, and attempts to apply it to women in the s and s were met with significant protests.
Pass laws would be one of the dominant features of the country's apartheid system, until it was effectively ended in The first internal passports in South Africa were introduced on 27 June by the Earl Macartney in an attempt to prevent natives from entering the Cape Colony.
Those entering a "labour district" needed a special pass which entitled them to remain for three days. Anyone found without a pass would be arrested immediately and sent to a rural area.
It was replaced in by the Natives Urban Areas Consolidation Act, which imposed "influx control" on black men, and also set up guidelines for removing people deemed to be living idle lives from urban areas.
This act outlined requirements for African peoples' "qualification" to reside legally in white metropolitan areas. I knew that this community can do wonders for my country and they have been doing it for last many decades.
The treaty regulates the demilitarisation of the archipelago. The signatories were given equal rights to engage in commercial activities mainly coal mining on the islands.
As of [update] , Norway and Russia are making use of this right. Chukotka Autonomous Okrug , all 2. Transit to border with Georgia and to border with South Ossetia are possible along the main roads.
Tsey Gorge is opened for foreigners from Part of Kaliningrad Oblast , approx. Part of Moscow Oblast , approx. Part of Arkhangelsk Oblast , include Novaya Zemlya , approx.
Part of Murmansk Oblast , approx. Part of Kamchatka Krai. Part of Primorsky Krai. Nearly 1, Air and Marine Interdiction Agents prevent people, weapons, narcotics, and conveyances from illegal entry by air and water.
These employees serve in positions such as import specialist, auditor, international trade specialist, and textile analyst. K-9 teams are assigned to 73 commercial ports and 74 Border Patrol stations throughout the nation.
In urgent situations that put the functioning of the Schengen area at risk or when deficiencies have not been remedied, the Agency will be able to step in to ensure that action is taken on the ground even where there is no request for assistance from the Member State concerned or where that Member State considers that there is no need for additional intervention.
The Economic Consequences of the Peace. New York: Harcourt Brace. Retrieved New York: Oxford University Press , p.
Archived from the original PDF on December 8, Retrieved August 6, Nukhet Varlik ed. Plague and Contagion in the Islamic Mediterranean. Arc Humanities Press.
The History of Borders". Date: 25 September India Today. The Times of India. Southern Africa Perspectives.
Report of the Inter-departmental committee on the native pass laws. Union of South Africa. Retrieved 12 December A Fighting Union.
Randburg: Ravan Press. O'Malley: The Heart of Hope. Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory. Retrieved 7 August Didar Singh; S.
Irudaya Rajan Government of Canada. Archived from the original PDF on Retrieved 6 August The so-called Convention Travel Document CTD is designed to function in lieu of a passport—a document that is generally unavailable to stateless persons since it is usually issued by the country of nationality.
Stage 3. Weed risk assessment. Science for Conservation Department of Conservation, New Zealand. Archived from the original on Archived from the original PDF on 19 March Retrieved 31 December Accessed Department of Homeland Security.
The New York Times. The Hindu. March Archived from the original on July 6, Daily Times Pakistan. BBC News. Fox News from the Associated Press.
April 28, Retrieved September 13, Deutsche Welle. Police, migrants clash on Macedonia border; soldiers build fence. Retrieved 17 February Retrieved January 4, May 4, The Daily Telegraph.
Archived from the original on March 26, The Africa Report. Retrieved 15 August In Trapping Ex-C. Theb New York Times.
June 16, After his arrival in the early evening, he met with Mr. Keiser, a lawyer from Geneva and several other associates, never leaving the international zone of the Zurich airport.
Swiss Officials Alerted. The Swiss authorities, alerted about his travel plans by the United States, did not interfere with his movements.
Several United States marshals shadowed Mr. Wilson on his hour stopover at the airport. August 26, Presumably confident, Mr. Wilson left Tripoli several days ago on his way to the Dominican Republic, with brief stops in Switzerland and Madrid.
Law-enforcement officials said that Mr. Wilson, traveling under an assumed name on the Irish passport, never left the international zone of the two European airports.
He made several calls to bankers while in Switzerland, they said. June 27, In Washington, on July 25, Mr. We were told to stay in the international zone and not to go through customs in Zurich, Mr.
Thompson said. United Nations. Retrieved 24 October The law of the United Nations: a critical analysis of its fundamental problems.
The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. Retrieved on 24 September Juli Höflichkeitsübersetzung " in German. EuroAirport Basel Mulhouse Freiburg.
Russia's Middle East Policy. Das Bistum Danzig in Lebensbildern in German. LIT Verlag. Public International Law. Retrieved 8 August Retrieved 26 February April 24, A man who had waited in line for more than two hours to get into the fortified International Zone, formerly known as the Green Zone, on Monday said no one explained the reason for the delay to the nearly people standing there.
Why, why? What did I do? National Ocean Service. Retrieved 8 September McMahon De Waart Dynamics of Self-determination in Palestine , Brill, p.
Molavi History News Network. Yale University Press. Retrieved 24 July SUNY Press. Retrieved 3 July A History of the Middle East. Screech, T. Archived from the original on 21 July Retrieved 10 September Archived from the original on 27 June English translation.
Accessed 3 August Archived from the original PDF on 4 March Retrieved 2 August Citizens who do not have the Citizenship of Latvia or that of any Other State " ".
Because she wasn't trying to sneak across and hadn't been questioned by the immigration officer who waved them into Texas, the court found she had been "inspected and admitted" legally.
The case doesn't apply to millions of undocumented immigrants who crossed rivers, mountains and deserts, evading U.
The Straits Times. Retrieved 21 August Retrieved 20 August Archived from the original on 8 October Retrieved 2 April Department of Immigration and Border Protection.
Retrieved 30 August Retrieved 25 September Australian Embassy, Republic of Korea. Archived from the original on 27 September Archived from the original on 12 December Retrieved 10 August Immigration Department of Malaysia.
Smart Entry Service". Retrieved June 28, Retrieved July 6, Archived from the original on June 25, This installation is part of national upgrade and innovation program for 51 new generation border processing eGates for the New Zealand Customs Service NZ Customs.
Peking University Center for Legal Information. Bureau of Consular Affairs, U. Department of State. Archived from the original on 3 December Retrieved 18 November Retrieved 16 December Times of Malta.
Retrieved 9 May Malaysia Trains. Retrieved 11 June European Council. News Philippines. January 28, Retrieved April 12, Seattle Post Intelligencer.
Associated Press. Archived from the original on 26 January February 15, Ministry of Law Legislative Department. Archived from the original PDF on 17 October Border Security Force.
Archived from the original on 8 September Government of India. Archived from the original PDF on 29 October Retrieved 29 September Archived from the original on 15 April Archived from the original PDF on 8 August Ministry of Home Affairs.
Kuala Lumpur: Berita Publishing. Retrieved on Tasnim News Agency. Retrieved October 13, UK Government gov. Retrieved 20 May Retrieved 4 August Retrieved April 10, Terrorism Monitor.
Washington: Jamestown Foundation. Pakistan Army. Los Angeles Times. To reflect those changes, it should be renamed the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, which will continue to be commonly referred to as Frontex.
It should remain the same legal person, with full continuity in all its activities and procedures Its activities shall be based on this Regulation Archived from the original on September 12, Troktiko Blogspot.
European Commission. Retrieved 15 December Ministry of Justice of the People's Republic of China. Archived from the original on 18 January Retrieved 16 March Archived from the original on 5 March Archived from the original on 18 September Archived from the original on 11 December Columbia Global Reports.
Global Residence and Citizenship Handbook. Ideos Publications. Global Residence and Citizenship Programs. Retrieved 4 May USA Today.
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Archived PDF from the original on 13 December Retrieved 13 December Archived from the original on 13 December Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
The Independent. Border protection agencies. Coast guard Customs. Commercial aviation. Airline codes Airline holding companies Cargo airline Charter airlines Low-cost airlines Non-scheduled airline Passenger airlines Regional airlines.
Hypermobility Environmental impact of aviation. Airline booking ploys Airline reservations system Airline ticket Airline timetable Bereavement flight Boarding pass Codeshare agreement Continent pass Electronic ticket Fare basis code Flight cancellation and delay Frequent-flyer program Government contract flight One-way travel Open-jaw ticket Passenger name record Red-eye flight Round-the-world ticket Standby Tracking Travel agency Travel website.
Aircraft maintenance technician Aircraft ground handling Baggage handler Flight dispatcher. Aviation taxation and subsidies Mile high club.
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Wikimedia Commons. Brunei Canada Hong Kong Japan. Illegal immigration Immigration law Nationalism Nationality law Nativism.
United States nationality law. Through H1B lottery, many applicants failed to receive a settlement after 6 years and had to leave the country.
Green Card Lottery. British nationality law. Tier 2 — settlement ILR after 5 years. It can be specified with a single value, which will be used for all four corners, or like I did in the example here, where I specify separate values for the top right and left followed by the bottom right and left.
Because the BorderThickness property is of the Thickness type, you can even manipulate each of the border widths individually or by giving a value for the left and right and one for the top and bottom borders.
The Background property is of the type Brush, which opens up a lot of cool possibilities. As seen in the initial examples, it's very easy to just use a simple color as the background, but you can actually use gradients as well, and it's not even that hard to do:.
In this case, I've specified a LinearGradientBrush to be used for the background of the Border and then a more fitting border color.
Home What we do Border management. What we do. Border management. The OSCE enhances border management and security while facilitating legitimate travel and commerce, protecting human rights and promoting human contacts.Ihre Aufgabe ist die Grenzkontrolle vor allem bezüglich unerlaubter Migrationdie ZollkontrolleReal Bayern Free Tv Bekämpfung des internationalen Drogenhandels und des internationalen Terrorismusder kommerzielle Border Control und Markenschutz sowie der Schutz der Landwirtschaft vor eingeschleppten Schädlingen und Pilzen. This applies regardless of whether the third-country national family member enters together with the reference person or alone. Es ist wichtig, dass das an der Grenzkontrolle beteiligte Personal und die Mitarbeiter der Asylbehörden umfassende Kenntnisse über die Probleme der Asylsuchenden haben. This accelerates the border control process to around 20 seconds. Sie können sich hier entscheiden, ob in Ihrem Browser ein eindeutiger Webanalyse-Cookie abgelegt werden darf, um dem Betreiber der Website die Erfassung und Analyse verschiedener statistischer Daten zu ermöglichen. For persons in compliance with passport and visa regulations, an urgent need to enter Germany is considered to be present in the following cases since 2 July:. Grenzkontrolle und die Flughafensicherheit weiterleiten. Letztere dienen vor allem zur Durchsetzung der Container Security Initiative. Entry for the purpose of attending a language course to Bremen Live Stream for subsequent training Kia Niro Hybrid Plug In permitted if the person demonstrates upon entry that the training will take place in 230 qualifying field and will begin directly after the completion of the language course without any intervening travel home, which would require re-entry to start the actual training.
Borders can be both open and secure: open to allow for the cross-border flow of legitimate trade and commerce, and secure in the sense that the national security interests of states are protected.
The OSCE is committed to achieving a balance between the need to maintain security against cross-border threats and the freedom of movement for persons, goods, services and commerce.
A number of OSCE field operations support effective border management. Their work includes: Maintaining a presence in border zones; Supporting co-operation and rapid information sharing between border police and neighbouring country counterparts; Training, workshops and awareness-raising for navy and border security officers, customs personnel, and aviation and airport security staff on: Patrolling procedures, surveillance techniques, maritime security protocols, airport safety management, countering drug trafficking, strengthening travel document security, international profiling techniques, combating transnational organized crime, illegal trafficking of drugs and chemical precursors; Early warning meetings with border services, local officials and residents; Providing technical advice and assistance for preventing and responding to border incidents.
Similar to India's barrier with Bangladesh and the proposed wall between America and Mexico, Iran has constructed a wall on its frontier with Pakistan.
The wall aims to reduce unauthorised border crossings  and stem the flow of drugs,  and is also a response to terrorist attacks, notably the one in the Iranian border town of Zahedan on 17 February , which killed thirteen people, including nine Iranian Revolutionary Guard officials.
Border security has, over the first two decades of the century, also become a major concern in the Schengen Area , specifically as a result of the European migrant crisis.
Hungary completed the construction of kilometres of fencing between with Serbia in September and on the border with Croatia in October to stop unauthorised border crossings.
Another example of border security is the Israeli anti-tunnel barrier along its border with the Gaza Strip , a part of the State of Palestine under the control of Hamas a militant group backed by the Muslim Brotherhood , a Qatari-sponsored.
Similarly, Saudi Arabia has begun construction of a border barrier or fence between its territory and Yemen to prevent the unauthorized movement of people and goods.
The difference between the countries' economic situations means that many Yemenis head to Saudi Arabia to find work.
Saudi Arabia does not have a barrier with its other neighbors in the Gulf Cooperation Council , whose economies are more similar.
In Saudi Arabia proposed constructing a security fence along the entire length of its kilometre long desert border with Iraq in a multimillion-dollar project to secure the Kingdom's borders in order to improve internal security, control illegal immigration, and bolster its defences against external threats.
In , Botswana began building a kilometre long electric fence along its border with Zimbabwe. The official reason for the fence is to stop the spread of foot-and-mouth disease among livestock.
Zimbabweans argue that the height of the fence is clearly intended to keep out people. Botswana has responded that the fence is designed to keep out cattle, and to ensure that entrants have their shoes disinfected at legal border crossings.
Botswana also argued that the government continues to encourage legal movement into the country. Zimbabwe was unconvinced, and the barrier remains a source of tension.
Border zones are areas near borders that have special restrictions on movement. Governments may forbid unauthorised entry to or exit from border zones and restrict property ownership in the area.
The zones function as buffer zones specifically monitored by border patrols in order to prevent illegal entry or exit. Restricting entry aids in pinpointing illegal intruders, since by nulla poena sine lege "no penalty without a law" , any person could be present in the area near the border, and illegal intruders, such as illegal immigrants, smugglers or spies could blend in.
However, if all unauthorised presence is forbidden, their mere presence of intruders allows the authorities to arrest them. Border zones between hostile states can be heavily militarised, with minefields , barbed wire and watchtowers.
Some border zones are designed to prevent illegal immigration or emigration, and do not have many restrictions but may operate checkpoints to check immigration status.
In some nations, movement inside a border zone without a licence is an offence and will result in arrest. No probable cause is required as mere presence inside the zone is an offence, if it is intentional.
Examples of international border zones are the Border Security Zone of Russia and the Finnish border zone on the Finnish—Russian border.
Important historical examples are the Wire of Death set up by the German Empire to control the Belgium—Netherlands border and the Iron Curtain , a set of border zones maintained by the Soviet Union and its satellite states along their borders with Western states.
One of the most militarised parts was the restricted zone of the inner German border. While initially and officially the zone was for border security, eventually it was engineered to prevent escape from the Soviet sphere into the West.
Ultimately, the Soviet Bloc governments resorted to using lethal countermeasures against those trying to cross the border, such as mined fences and orders to shoot anyone trying to cross into the West.
The restrictions on building and habitation made the area a "green corridor", today established as the European Green Belt. In the area stretching inwards from its internal border with the mainland , Hong Kong maintains a Frontier Closed Area out of bounds to those without special authorisation.
The area was established in the s when Hong Kong under British occupation as a consequence of the Treaty of Nanjing during the Opium Wars , prior to the Transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong in The purposes of the area were to prevent illegal immigration and smuggling; smuggling had become prevalent as a consequence of the Korean war.
Today, under the one country, two systems policy, the area continues to be used to curtail unauthorised migration to Hong Kong and the smuggling of goods in either direction.
The Demilitarised Zone follows the effective boundaries as of the end of the Korean War in Similarly to the Frontier Closed Area in Hong Kong, this zone and the defence apparatus that exists on both sides of the border serve to curtail unauthorised passage between the two sides.
In South Korea, there is an additional fenced-off area between the Civilian Control Line and the start of the Demilitarised Zone, further strengthening border security.
Immigration policy is the aspect of border control concerning the transit of people into a country, especially those that intend to stay and work in the country.
Taxation, tariff and trade rules set out what goods immigrants may bring with them, and what services they may perform while temporarily in the country.
Investment policy sometimes permits wealthy immigrants to invest in businesses in exchange for favourable treatment and eventual naturalisation.
Agricultural policy may make exemptions for migrant farm workers, who typically enter a country only for the harvest season and then return home to a country or region in the Global South such as Mexico or Jamaica from where America and Canada, respectively, often import temporary agricultural labour.
Asylum is sometimes granted to those who face persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion.
Immigration policies in special areas in Europe can range from severely limiting migration, as in Greece's Mount Athos , to allowing most types of migration, such as the free migration [k] policy in force in Svalbard.
Certain countries adopt immigration policies designed to be favourable towards members of diaspora communities with a connection to the country.
OCI status was introduced in response to demands for dual citizenship by the Indian diaspora, particularly in countries with large populations of Indian origin.
OCI status exempts holders from immigration controls generally imposed upon others of the same nationality. Similarly, Poland issues the Karta Polaka to citizens of certain northeast European countries with Polish ancestry.
Some nations recognise a right of return for people with ancestry in that country. Similar exemptions to immigration controls exist for people of Armenian origin seeking to acquire Armenian citizenship.
Ghana, similarly, grants an indefinite right to stay in Ghana to members of the African diaspora regardless of citizenship.
The term most commonly refers to the areas of international airports after border exit controls or before border entry controls. These areas often contain duty-free shopping, but they are not fully extraterritorial.
It is usually possible to transfer between flights without needing either the passport check or visa otherwise needed to enter the country.
In areas of conflict there may be international zones called green zones that form protective enclaves to keep diplomats safe.
Countries in conflict may also have international zones separating each other. Some of the international zones are subject to international law.
The international zone in an international airport is the area where arriving international passengers have not formally entered the country by clearing arrival customs and immigration controls, and departing passengers have formally exited the country by clearing exit immigration control.
Transit passengers can take connecting international flights in the international zone without clearing customs and immigration controls, and in most cases do not require a visa.
A major exception is the United States and Canada, where airports have no international transit zones. All passengers arriving on international flights are subject to customs and immigration inspections.
Hence, transiting at a U. A common feature of the international zone is duty-free shopping for departing and transit passengers, and in some cases arriving passengers subject to duty-free allowances.
International zones in airports are fully under the jurisdiction of the country where they are located and local laws apply. Persons caught committing an unlawful act e.
The degree of strictness of border controls varies across countries and borders. In some countries, controls may be targeted at the traveller's religion, ethnicity, nationality, or other countries that have been visited.
Others may need to be certain the traveller has paid the appropriate fees for their visas and has future travel planned out of the country.
Yet others may concentrate on the contents of the traveler's baggage, and imported goods to ensure nothing is being carried that might bring a biosecurity risk into the country.
A border vista or boundary vista is a defined cleared space between two areas of foliage located at an international border intended to provide a clear demarcation line between the two areas.
Border vistas are most commonly found along undefended international boundary lines, where border security is not as much of a necessity and a built barrier is undesired, and are a treaty requirement for certain borders.
An example of a border vista is a six-metre cleared space around unguarded portions of the Canada—United States border. Similar clearings along the border line are provided for by many international treaties.
Different countries impose varying travel document regulations and requirements as part of their border control policies and these may vary based on the traveller's mode of transport.
For instance, whilst America does not subject passengers departing by land or most boats to any border control, it does require that passengers departing by air hold a valid passport or certain specific passport-replacing documents.
Even though travellers might not be required to have a passport to enter a certain country, they will be required to have a valid passport booklet booklet only, U.
Passport Card not accepted to depart the United States in order to satisfy U. Canada requires any Canadian Permanent Residents entering the country by air to use their Permanent Resident Card or a special document authorising their return.
Canadian citizens are prohibited from using a foreign passport to enter the country. Other countries, including most countries in Western Europe and China, permit or in China's case require citizens to utilise national identity cards to clear immigration when travelling between adjacent jurisdictions.
As a consequence of awkward border situations created by the fall of the Soviet Union, certain former members of the USSR and their neighbours require few or no travel documents for travellers transiting across international boundaries between two points in a single country.
For instance, Russia permits vehicles to transit across the Saatse Boot between the Estonian villages of Lutepää and Sesniki without any border control provided that they do not stop.
Similar provisions are made for the issuance of Facilitated Rail Transit Documents by Schengen Area members for travel between Kaliningrad Oblast and the Russian mainland.
The Indian government issues Identity Certificates to members of the large Tibetan exile community. This document is accepted as per most countries border control policies in lieu of a passport, although it is not a machine readable document.
When issued to a Tibetan residing in India, it is invariably endorsed as being valid for return to India and therefore exempts the holder from requiring a visa to clear Indian border controls upon re-entry.
Some countries issue travel documents to permanent residents i. The U. Re-entry Permit is an example of such a document. Valid for international travel, it is issued to lawful permanent residents temporarily expatriating overseas.
Both documents can be utilised to clear U. Singapore issues national identity cards to permanent residents in the same manner as it does to citizens, but additionally requires any permanent resident travelling abroad to hold a valid electronic re-entry permit and a passport or other travel document from their home country.
Singapore permanent residents who are stateless are issued booklet-form Certificates of Identity in lieu of a passport. Indonesia issues the Paspor Orang Asing to its stateless permanent residents.
Non-citizens in Latvia and in Estonia are individuals, primarily of Russian or Ukrainian ethnicity, who are not citizens of Latvia or Estonia but whose families have resided in the area since the Soviet era, and thus have the right to a non-citizen passport issued by the Latvian government as well as other specific rights.
Approximately two thirds of them are ethnic Russians , followed by ethnic Belarussians, ethnic Ukrainians, ethnic Poles and ethnic Lithuanians.
This form of legal discrimination is often labelled as xenophobic. Hong Kong and Macau issue permanent resident cards to all permanent residents including those without Chinese citizenship.
They also issue the Hong Kong Document of Identity for Visa Purposes and Macau Travel Permit , respectively, to stateless permanent residents and to Chinese citizens temporarily residing in the region holding neither permanent residence of Hong Kong or Macau nor residence status in the mainland.
Certain jurisdictions permit the use of national identity cards to clear border controls. For instance, when travelling between India and Nepal or Bhutan, Indian citizens may utilise national voter ID cards, ration cards, or national identity cards.
When travelling to India, citizens of Nepal and Bhutan can utilise similar documents. Children may use birth certificates as proof of identity. In North America, U.
Children holding Canadian or U. In South America, many Mercosur countries reciprocally permit travel using identity cards. In western Europe, travel using identity cards is relatively common for citizens of the European Economic Area and adjacent territories.
This includes travel to and from Turkey for certain citizens of other countries in western Europe. Within the Schengen Area, there are limited border controls in place and national identity cards may be used to clear them.
The Chinese Government requires certain people to enter the mainland using a Chinese Travel Document. Some cases include:.
An Enhanced Driving Licence is a document issued by provincial and state authorities in Canada and America that enables its bearer to clear land border controls along the border between the two countries.
It is not valid for air travel and does not permit its holder to clear border controls at airports. It also serves as a valid driving licence. Certain provinces and states may issue similar enhanced versions of regional identity cards issued to individuals who do not drive.
It occurs when the border security personnel present at a border crossing choose to summarily admit some number of persons without performing a standard interview or document examination.
Typically this can occur when an official border crossing is busy and an immigration officer waves a car through without first checking all passengers for their travel documents.
If an individual can prove that they were waved into the United States in this manner, then they are considered to have entered with inspection despite not having answered any questions or received a passport entry stamp.
This definition of legal entry does not apply to situations where foreigners entered the United States but have not crossed at a legal, manned border station.
Thus it does not provide a path to legal residency for those who have entered into the United State by crossing accidental gaps in the borders around geological formations.
In certain cases, countries adopt border control policies imposing reduced border controls for frequent travellers intending to remain within a border area.
For example, the relaxed border controls maintained by Bhutan for those not proceeding past Phuentsholing and certain other border cities enable travellers to enter without going through any document check whatsoever.
Border Crossing Card issued to Mexican nationals enables Mexicans to enter border areas without a passport. Permits may be used to cross the EU external border within the border area, are not stamped on crossing the border and must display the holder's name and photograph, as well as a statement that its holder is not authorised to move outside the border area and that any abuse shall be subject to penalties.
In certain countries, border control focuses extensively on curtailing and regulating the import of foreign agricultural products.
For example, Australian border controls restrict most if not all food products, certain wooden products and other similar items.
Border controls in many countries in the Greater India region prioritise mitigating trade in narcotics. For instance, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia impose mandatory death sentences on individuals caught smuggling restricted substances across their borders.
The issue stems largely from the high output of dangerous and illegal drugs in the Golden Triangle as well as in regions further west such as Afghanistan.
A similar problem exists east of the Pacific, and has resulted in countries such as Mexico and America tightening border control in response to the northward flow of illegal substances from regions such as Colombia.
The Mexican Drug War and similar cartel activity in neighbouring areas has exacerbated the problem. Most countries impose visa requirements on foreign nationals, and depending on the country's border control strategy these can be liberal or restrictive.
Many countries in the Greater India region have liberalised their visa controls in recent years to encourage transnational business and tourism.
For example, India , Myanmar , and Sri Lanka have introduced electronic visas to make border control less of a bureaucratic hurdle for business travellers and tourists.
Malaysia has introduced similar eVisa facilities, and has also introduced the eNTRI programme to expedite clearance for Indian citizens and Chinese citizens from the mainland.
Thailand regularly issues visas on arrival to many non-exempt visitors at major ports of entry in order to encourage tourism. Indonesia, in recent years, has progressively liberalised its visa regime , no longer requiring visas or on-arrival visas from most nationals, while Singapore has signed visa waiver agreements with many countries in recent years and has introduced electronic visa facilities for Indians, Eastern Europeans, and mainland Chinese.
This trend towards visa liberalisation in the Greater India region is part of the broader phenomenon of globalisation and has been linked to heightened economic growth.
Certain countries, predominantly but not exclusively in western Europe and the Americas, issue working holiday visas for younger visitors to supplement their travel funds by working minor jobs.
These are especially common in members of the European Union such as Austria, and elsewhere in western Europe such as Switzerland and Ukraine.
Saudi Arabia issues a special category visa for people on religious pilgrimage. Similar policies are in force in other countries with significant religious sites.
Certain jurisdictions impose special visa requirements on journalists in order to curtail the freedom of foreign reporters and news organisations to report on controversial topics.
Many countries let individuals clear border controls using foreign visas. For instance, the following countries accept U.
In the Philippines, in addition to U. Nationals of China from the Mainland travelling as tourists and holding a valid visa issued by Australia, Canada, Japan, United States, or a Schengen Area state may enter and stay without a visa for up to 7 days.
Nationals of India holding a valid tourist, business or resident visa issued by Australia, Canada, Japan, Singapore, United Kingdom, United States, or a Schengen Area state may enter and stay without a visa for up to 14 days.
They may enter from any port of entry. South Korea lets passengers in transit enter for up to thirty days utilising an Australian, Canadian, U.
An Electronic Travel Authorisation or Electronic Travel Authority is a kind of pre-arrival registration, which is not officially classified as a visa , required for foreign travellers to a country who normally do not require a visa under some circumstances.
Different from a proper visa which the traveller normally has no recourse if rejected, if an ETA is rejected the traveller can choose to apply for a visa instead.
Many countries require individuals who do not require a visa to enter to hold an Electronic Travel Authorisation instead.
Travellers to Sri Lanka must get an Electronic Travel Authorisation prior to getting a visa on arrival at the entry port, except for a few countries where the ETA is exempted, and for a few countries where a visa must be got in advance.
Development of the Electronic Travel Authority system commenced in January It was first implemented in Singapore on a trial basis on 11 September , for holders of Singapore and US passports travelling on Qantas and Singapore Airlines.
Implementation of online applications began in June The ETA allows the holder to visit Australia for unlimited times, up to 3 months per visit, in a month period for tourism or business purposes.
At the time of travel to, and entry into, Australia, all holders of an ETA must be free from tuberculosis and must not have any criminal convictions for which the sentence or sentences whether served or not total 12 months or more.
Holders of the following passports can apply online: . Indian nationals and Taiwanese nationals from areas controlled by the Republic of China [l] do not require a visa to enter Hong Kong , but must apply for a pre-arrival registration PAR prior to arrival.
If not successful, Indian travellers may apply for a visa instead. Taiwanese people are eligible only if they were born in Taiwan or entered Hong Kong as an ROC nationals before, otherwise they should instead apply for an entry permit a de facto visa to enter Hong Kong using their Republic of China passport.
East of the Pacific, both America and Canada have introduced electronic travel authorisations. Travellers from visa-free countries entering Canada by air, except U.
Travellers under the U. Visa Waiver Programme are required to obtain permission through the Electronic System for Travel Authorisation if arriving America by air or cruise but not if entering by land or by ferry, using a passport issued by the Government of Bermuda to a British Overseas Territories Citizen , or if entering as a Canadian citizen.
Travellers from Brazil normally require a visa to enter Canada, but are eligible to apply for an ETA if they have held a Canadian visa within the 10 years prior to applying, or if they currently hold a valid non-immigrant U.
Such travellers still may not enter Canada by land or sea without a valid Canadian visa. Whilst most countries implement border controls both at entry and at exit, some jurisdictions do not.
These countries consequently don't issue exit stamps even to travellers who require stamps on entry.
Similarly, Australia, Singapore and South Korea have eliminated exit stamps even though they continue to implement brief border control checks upon exit for most foreign nationals.
Some countries in Europe maintain controversial exit visa systems in addition to regular border controls. For instance, Uzbekistan requires its own citizens to obtain exit visas prior to leaving for countries other than fellow CIS nations in eastern Europe.
Several countries in the Arabian peninsula require exit visas for foreign workers under the Kafala System meaning "sponsorship system".
Russia occasionally requires foreigners who overstay to obtain exit visas since one cannot exit Russia without a valid visa. Czechia has a similar policy.
Not all foreign citizens are subject to that requirement. Citizens of Germany, for example, do not require this exit visa.
Certain Asian countries have policies that similarly require certain categories of citizens to seek official authorisation prior to travelling or emigrating.
This is usually either as a way to enforce national service obligations or to protect migrant workers from travelling to places where they may be abused by employers.
Singapore, for instance, operates an Exit Permit scheme in order to enforce the national service obligations of its male citizens and permanent residents.
Nepal similarly requires citizens emigrating to the United States on an H-1B visa to present an exit permit issued by the Ministry of Labour.
This document is called a work permit and needs to be presented to immigration to leave the country. Many nations implement border controls restricting the entry of people of certain nationalities or who have visited certain countries.
For instance Georgia refuses entry to holders of passports issued by the Republic of China. The majority of Arab countries, as well as Iran and Malaysia, ban Israeli citizens,  however exceptional entry to Malaysia is possible with approval from the Ministry of Home Affairs.
In some cases, border control policies target stateless individuals, or individuals holding nationality statuses without right of abode , including individuals with Republic of China ROC passports without a national ID, and British Subjects or British Overseas Citizens without indefinite leave to remain in the United Kingdom.
Other countries, such as India which allows all Chinese nationals to apply for eVisas , don't make such a distinction.
Singapore imposes strict controls on stateless individuals and refugees, and reduces length of stay for British nationals without right of abode in the United Kingdom, but does not distinguish between ROC passports with and without national ID numbers.
As a result of tension over the Artsakh dispute, Azerbaijan currently forbids entry to Armenian citizens as well as to individuals with proof of travel to Artsakh.
Certain neighbouring countries may agree to fully or partially abolish border controls between them. However, this does not apply to air travel.
The Commonwealth of Independent States, or CIS, is an organisation composed of former members of the Soviet Union, whose members eliminate many trade and visa related border controls.
However, each country continues to maintain its own visa policies, thus resulting in non-citizens of the two countries generally being barred from travelling directly between the two.
The two most significant free travel areas in Western Europe are the Schengen area, in which very little if any border control is generally visible, and the Common Travel Area CTA , which partially eliminates such controls for nationals of the United Kingdom and Ireland.
Between countries in the Schengen Area , and to an extent within the CTA on the British Isles, internal border control is often virtually unnoticeable, and often only performed by means of random car or train searches in the hinterland , while controls at borders with non-member states may be rather strict.
Irish border at Killeen within CTA marked only by a metric speed sign, as the Republic of Ireland uses the metric system whilst British road signs use imperial units.
India and Bhutan also have a similar system. Similarly, Bhutanese passport holders enjoy free movement in India.
Whilst not as liberal as the policies concerning the Indo-Nepalese and Indo-Bhutanese borders, Thailand and Cambodia have begun issuing combined visas to certain categories of tourists applying at specific Thai or Cambodian embassies and consulates in order to enable freer border crossings between the two countries.
The Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement is not a free travel area. However, citizens and Australian permanent residents receive free indefinite visas with work rights at immigration control points in airports and sea ports.
The arrangement came into effect in , and allows citizens of each country to reside and work in the other country, with some restrictions.
Other details of the arrangement have varied over time. From 1 July , all people entering Australia including New Zealand citizens have been required to carry a passport.
Since 1 September Australia has had a universal visa requirement, and to specifically cater for the continued free movement of New Zealanders to Australia the Special Category Visa was introduced for New Zealanders.
Such benefits are partially suspended for Qataris as a result of the Saudi-led blockade of the country. In some countries, citizens or residents have access to automated facilities not available to foreigners.
The gates use facial recognition technology to verify the user's identity by comparing the user's facial features to those recorded in the photograph stored in the chip in their biometric passport.
British citizens, European Economic Area citizens and citizens of Australia , Canada , Japan , New Zealand , Singapore , South Korea , Taiwan and the United States as well as Chinese citizens of Hong Kong who are enrolled in the Registered Traveller Service,  can use ePassport gates, provided that they are aged either 18 and over or 12 and over travelling with an adult and holding valid biometric passports.
They are currently available to citizens of Switzerland and the European Economic Area with electronic passports aged 18 or over.
There are proposals to extend the service to non-European citizens. Irish Passport Cards can not be used. The e-Channel is an automated border control facility available at airports in Hong Kong and Macau , and at land borders between the mainland and the Special Administrative Regions.
It is open to Chinese citizens with permanent residence in the appropriate regions, and to selected foreign nationals. A similar automated entry system, eGate, exists in Taiwan providing expedited border control for Taiwanese nationals [l] as well as certain classes of residents and frequent visitors.
Users simply scan their travel documents at the gate and are passed through for facial recognition. South Korea maintains a programme known as the Smart Entry Service, open for registration by South Koreans aged 7 or above and by registered foreigners aged 17 or above.
CARIPASS is accepted as a valid travel document within and between participating member states and will allow cardholders to access automated gate facilities at immigration checkpoints that will use biometric technology to verify the user.
Membership requires approval by Canadian and U. A NEXUS card can also be utilised as a travel document between the two countries and entitles passengers to priority border control facilities in Canada and Global Entry facilities in America.
Free and Secure Trade or FAST is a similar programme for commercial drivers and approved importers, reducing the amount of customs checks conducted at the border and expediting the border control process.
Global Entry is an programme for frequent travellers that enables them to utilise automated border control facilities and priority security screening.
In addition to U. When entering the U. Enrolled users must present their machine-readable passport or permanent residency card , and submit their fingerprints to establish identity.
Users then complete an electronic customs declaration , and are issued a receipt instructing them to either proceed to baggage claim , or to a normal inspection booth for an interview.
Participants may clear U. Viajero Confiable is a Mexican programme similar to Global Entry that allows expedited border controls in Mexico.
SmartGates located at major Australian airports allow Australian ePassport holders and ePassport holders of a number of other countries to clear immigration controls more rapidly, and to enhance travel security by performing passport control checks electronically.
Travellers require a biometric passport to use SmartGate as it uses information from the passport such as photograph, name and date of birth and in the respective countries' databases i.
The system can currently only be used by travellers 12 years of age or older, however a trial is under way that may potentially lower the age of eligibility to use eGate for people with an eligible ePassport from 12 years of age to 10 years of age.
New Zealand eGates utilise biometric technology, comparing the picture of your face in your ePassport with the picture it takes of you at the gate in order to confirm your identity.
To make sure eGate can do this, travellers must make sure they look as similar to their ePassport photos as possible and remove glasses, scarves and hats that they were not wearing when their passport picture was taken.
Customs, Biosecurity and Immigration officials utilise information provided at eGates, including photos, to clear travellers and their items across New Zealand's border.
Biometric information is kept for three months before destruction but other information, including about movements across New Zealand's border is kept indefinitely and handled in accordance with the Privacy Act , or as the law authorises.
This might include information being used by or shared with other law enforcement or border control authorities. This is an online application and a further toolkit and requirements for airlines and travel agents can be downloaded from the New Zealand Immigration website.
The enhanced-Immigration Automated Clearance System eIACS is available at all checkpoints for Singapore citizens, permanent residents, foreign residents with long-term passes and other registered travellers.
Foreign visitors whose fingerprints are registered on arrival may use the eIACS lanes for exit clearance. It provides visa exemptions and access to expedited border control facilities.
ABTC holders are eligible for expedited border control at Canadian airports but not for any visa exemptions.
Taiwanese nationals , and Chinese citizens from Hong Kong , and Macau are required to use special internal travel documents to enter the mainland.
Some countries maintain border controls between their own and claimed territories. These are not uncommon in some parts of Asia.
For example, minority regions in India and China often require special permits i. In some cases, these restrictions are not limited to foreigners.
For instance, certain minority areas of India additionally require Indian citizens to possess an Inner Line Permit to enter.
Internal air and rail travel within non-autonomous portions of India and mainland China also generally requires travel documents to be checked by government officials as a form of interior border checkpoint.
For such travel within India, Indian citizens may utilise their Voter ID , National Identity Card , passport, or other proof of Indian citizenship whilst Nepali nationals may present any similar proof of Napali citizenship.
Meanwhile, for such travel within mainland China, Chinese nationals from the mainland are required to use their national identity cards. Within China, extensive border controls are maintained for those travelling between the mainland , special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau , and areas controlled by the Republic of China.
For Chinese nationals including those with British National Overseas status , there are special documents [o] for travel between these territories.
Internal border controls in the Chinese Special Administrative Regions have also meant that immigrants from the mainland require a One Way Travel Permit , the issuance of which is controlled by the mainland government, thus giving that region of China greater control over emigration rather than by Hong Kong or Macau as would be expected of border controls aimed at curtailing immigration.
Another example is the Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak , which have maintained their own border controls  since joining Malaysia in The internal border control is asymmetrical; while Sabah and Sarawak impose immigration control on Malaysian citizens from other states, there is no corresponding border control in Peninsular Malaysia , and Malaysians from Sabah and Sarawak have unrestricted right to live and work in the Peninsular.
For social and business visits less than three months, Malaysian citizens may travel between the Peninsular, Sabah and Sarawak using the Malaysian identity card MyKad or Malaysian passport , while for longer stays in Sabah and Sarawak they are required to have an Internal Travel Document or a passport with the appropriate residential permit.
Meanwhile, in Bhutan, a microstate accessible by road only through India, there are interior border checkposts primarily on the Lateral Road and, additionally, certain areas require special permits to enter, whilst visitors not proceeding beyond the border city of Phuentsholing do not need permits to enter for the day although such visitors are de facto subject to Indian visa policy since they must proceed through Jaigaon.
Individuals who are not citizens of India, Bangladesh, or the Maldives are not allowed to proceed past Phuentsholing by land and are instead required to arrive by air at the country's sole international airport in Paro , which has flights from India and other countries in the Greater India region such as Thailand, Singapore, and Nepal.
The most restrictive internal border controls are in North Korea. Citizens are not allowed to travel outside their areas of residence without explicit authorisation, and access to the capital city of Pyongyang is heavily restricted.
Data page of a booklet type internal travel document issued by Taiwan authorities to a Mainland Chinese resident.
Internal travel document for Chinese citizens of Hong Kong or Macau to enter the mainland. Malaysian entry stamps specify which jurisdictions i.
West or Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah, and Sarawak the bearer is permitted to enter, and there are immigration checks when entering each. The Tibet Travel Permit, required to enter the Tibet Autonomous Region , is an example of internal border controls in minority regions of China and India.
An example from Europe is the implementation of border controls on travel between Svalbard , which maintains a policy of free migration as a result of the Svalbard Treaty and the Schengen Area, which includes the rest of Norway.
Other examples of effective internal border controls in Europe include the closed cities of certain CIS members, areas of Turkmenistan that require special permits to enter, restrictions on travel to the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region in Tajikistan, and depending on whether Northern and Southern Cyprus are considered separate countries the Cypriot border.
Similarly, Iraq's Kurdistan region maintains a separate and more liberal visa and customs area from the rest of the country, even allowing visa free entry for Israelis whilst the rest of the country bans them from entering.
Denmark also maintains a complex system of subnational countries with autonomous customs policies, since they aren't within the European Union like the Danish mainland.
These are Greenland and the Faroe Islands. These areas do not maintain strict immigration controls with the Schengen Area, but border controls are sporadically enforced for customs purposes.
In addition to the numerous closed cities of Russia,  parts of 19 subjects [p] of the Russian Federation are closed for foreigners without special permits and are consequently subject to internal border controls.
Israeli checkpoints mahsom , hajez also constitute a significant example of internal border controls. An unusual example of internal border controls pertains to customs enforcement within the Schengen area.
Even though borders are generally invisible, the existence of areas within the Schengen area but outside the European Union Value Added Tax Area , as well as jurisdictions such as Andorra which are not officially a part of the Schengen area but can not be accessed without passing through it, has resulted in the existence of sporadic internal border controls for customs purposes.
Additionally, as per Schengen area rules,  hotels and other types of commercial accommodation must register all foreign citizens, including citizens of other Schengen states, by requiring the completion of a registration form by their own hand.
This does not apply to accompanying spouses and minor children or members of travel groups. In addition, a valid identification document has to be produced to the hotel manager or staff.
A Schengen state is also permitted to reinstate border controls with another Schengen country for a short period where there is a serious threat to that state's "public policy or internal security" or when the "control of an external border is no longer ensured due to exceptional circumstances".
Just look at this slightly modified example, where the corners are now rounded:. All I've done is adding the CornerRadius property.
It can be specified with a single value, which will be used for all four corners, or like I did in the example here, where I specify separate values for the top right and left followed by the bottom right and left.
Because the BorderThickness property is of the Thickness type, you can even manipulate each of the border widths individually or by giving a value for the left and right and one for the top and bottom borders.
The Background property is of the type Brush, which opens up a lot of cool possibilities.Haschisch-Transporte in der Meerenge von Gibraltar, organisierter Menschenhandel am Airport in Madrid und gefälschte Markenartikel im Hafen von. Border Control – Spaniens Grenzschützer: Die Doku-Serie begleitet die Grenzschützer Spaniens bei ihrer täglichen Verbrechensbekämpfung – zu Lande, zu . With effect from June 5th, , checks at the land borders with Austria and Germany will be abolished and these borders can be crossed at any point again. Übersetzung im Kontext von „border control“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: external border control, border control point. secunet eID PKI Suite for issuance and verification of eID documents.