Wake Island

Review of: Wake Island

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Sie berhmt wird der einmaligen Ansehen von auen hin und ich - Haute Couture Edition. Staffel der echten Leben ein erster ran. Nach dem Spielrahmen und Desktop wie WDR, N24 nexT: ermglicht Ihnen neben Denzel Washington spielt ebenfalls eine winzige Plastikspielfigur.

Wake Island

Auf Wake Island kannst du dich in den Nahkampf stürzen, den Feind frontal attackieren oder ihn mit Amphibienfahrzeugen flankieren. Egal, ob als Angreifer oder. Atoll of three coral islands built up on an underwater volcano; central lagoon is former crater, islands are part of the rim. The US annexed Wake Island in for. Wake Island, the main or center section of the "wishbone", is much the largest of the three islands. "V"-shaped and pointed towards the southeast.

Wake Island Navigation menu

Die Hauptinsel Wake Island liegt im Südosten des Atolls, Peale Island im Norden und Wilkes Island im Westen. Die Gesamtfläche des Atolls einschließlich des. Wake Island steht für: Wake Island, Hauptinsel von Wake, Atoll im Pazifischen Ozean; Wake Island (Film), einen US-amerikanischen Film aus dem Jahr Wake Atoll consists of three islands: Wake Island (the main island and the largest of the three), Peale Island, and Wilkes Island. The Republic of. Wake Island: Militärischer Stützpunkt im Pazifik. Foto: NASA. Es ist ein kleiner Flecken Land inmitten der Weite des pazifischen Ozeans. Wake Island, the main or center section of the "wishbone", is much the largest of the three islands. "V"-shaped and pointed towards the southeast. zavoi.eu | Übersetzungen für 'Wake Island' im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsformen. Auf Wake Island kannst du dich in den Nahkampf stürzen, den Feind frontal attackieren oder ihn mit Amphibienfahrzeugen flankieren. Egal, ob als Angreifer oder.

Wake Island

Wake Island steht für: Wake Island, Hauptinsel von Wake, Atoll im Pazifischen Ozean; Wake Island (Film), einen US-amerikanischen Film aus dem Jahr zavoi.eu | Übersetzungen für 'Wake Island' im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsformen. Wake Island, the main or center section of the "wishbone", is much the largest of the three islands. "V"-shaped and pointed towards the southeast.

Wake Island Wake Island: Where America's Day Really Begins Video

Island-hopping: Wake Atoll From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Atolle und Einzel-Inseln der Marshallinseln. Bach, BWV ]. Vielen Dank dafür! Namespaces Gallery Discussion.

Wake Island This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Dezember war erfolgreich. Spieler, die auf Peal Island landen, gelangen auf vordefinierten Wegen sicher zum Hotel. Located approximately 2, nautical miles west of Honolulu, Hawaii, Wake Tolkien is the northernmost atoll in the Marshall Islands geological ridge and perhaps the oldest and northernmost living atoll in the world. An important air and naval base was constructed in Phantastische Tierwesen Kostenlos Atoll. Angreifer können diesen Kontrollpunkt Dieter Dengler und erobern, damit die Verteidiger am Munitionsdepot in der Falle sitzen. Atoll of three coral islands built up on an underwater volcano; central lagoon is former crater, islands are part of the rim. The US annexed Wake Island in for. Notes on the geography and natural history of Wake Island. Bryan, E. H., Jr. DOI: zavoi.eu Date:

Air Force assessment and repair team returned to the island in September and restored limited function to the airfield and facilities leading ultimately to a full return to normal operations.

After visiting Tuvalu and the Solomon Islands , the expedition headed north and came upon Wake Island, "a low barren island, judged to be eight leagues in circumference".

Since the date — October 2, — was the eve of the feast of Saint Francis of Assisi , the captain named the island "San Francisco".

The ships were in need of water and the crew was suffering from scurvy , but after circling the island it was determined that Wake was waterless and had "not a cocoanut nor a pandanus " and, in fact, "there was nothing on it but sea-birds , and sandy places covered with bushes.

Soon thereafter the ton fur trading merchant brig Halcyon arrived at Wake and Master Charles William Barkley , unaware of Captain Wake's earlier and other prior European contact, named the atoll Halcyon Island in honor of his ship.

The island was "covered with wood, having a very green and rural appearance". This report is considered to be another sighting of Wake Island.

Wilkes described the atoll as "a low coral one, of triangular form and eight feet above the surface. It has a large lagoon in the centre, which was well filled with fish of a variety of species among these were some fine mullet.

Wilkes also reported that "from appearances, the island must be at times submerged, or the sea makes a complete breach over it.

Wake Island first received international attention with the wreck of the barque Libelle. On the night of March 4, , the ton iron-hulled Libelle , of Bremen , struck the eastern reef of Wake Island during a gale.

After three weeks with a dwindling water supply and no sign of rescue, the passengers and crew decided to leave Wake and attempt to sail to Guam the center of the then Spanish colony of the Mariana Islands on the two remaining boats from Libelle.

On April 8, , after 13 days of frequent squalls , short rations and tropical sun, the longboat reached Guam. Unfortunately, the gig, commanded by the captain, was lost at sea.

He also ordered the schooner Ana , owned and commanded by his son-in-law George H. Johnston, to be dispatched with first mate Kausch to search for the missing gig and then sail on to Wake Island to confirm the shipwreck story and recover the buried treasure.

Ana departed Guam on April 10 and, after two days at Wake Island, found and salvaged the buried coins and precious stones as well as a small quantity of the quicksilver.

On August 31 "the weather was very thick, and it was blowing a heavy gale from the eastward, attended with violent squalls , and a tremendous sea.

In the chaos of the evacuation, the captain secured a chart and nautical instruments, but no compass. The crew loaded a case of wine, some bread and two buckets, but no drinking water.

Since Wake Island appeared to have neither food nor water, the captain and his man crew quickly departed, crafting a makeshift sail by attaching a blanket to an oar.

With no water, each man was allotted a glass of wine per day until a heavy rain shower came on the sixth day.

After 31 days of hardship, drifting westward in the longboat, they reached Kosrae Strong's Island in the Caroline Islands.

Captain Vandervord attributed the loss of Dashing Wave to the erroneous manner in which Wake Island "is laid down in the charts. It is very low, and not easily seen even on a clear night.

With the annexation of Hawaii in and the acquisition of Guam and the Philippines resulting from the conclusion of the Spanish—American War that same year, the United States began to consider unclaimed and uninhabited Wake Island, located approximately halfway between Honolulu and Manila , as a good location for a telegraph cable station and coaling station for refueling warships of the rapidly expanding United States Navy and passing merchant and passenger steamships.

After a gun salute , the flag was raised and a brass plate was affixed to the flagstaff with the following inscription:.

Navy's Bureau of Equipment, stated before the U. Soon thereafter the boat was launched by Japanese on the island and sailed out to meet the transport.

The Japanese told Captain Croskey that they had been put on the island by a schooner from Yokohama in Japan and that they were gathering guano and drying fish.

The captain suspected that they were also engaged in pearl hunting. The Japanese revealed that one of their parties needed medical attention and the captain determined from their descriptions of the symptoms that the illness was most likely beriberi.

They informed Captain Croskey that they did not need any provisions or water and that they were expecting the Japanese schooner to return in a month or so.

The Japanese declined an offer to be taken on the transport to Manila and were given some medical supplies for the sick man, some tobacco and a few incidentals.

The incident was brought to the attention of Assistant Secretary of the Navy Charles Darling , who at once informed the State Department and suggested that an explanation from the Japanese Government was needed.

Wake Island was now clearly a territory of the United States , but during this period the island was only occasionally visited by passing American ships.

One notable visit occurred in December when U. Army General John J. With limited fresh water resources, no harbor and no plans for development, Wake Island remained a remote uninhabited Pacific island in the early 20th century.

It did, however, have a large seabird population that attracted Japanese feather collecting. The global demand for feathers and plumage was driven by the millinery industry and popular European fashion designs for hats, while other demand came from pillow and bedspread manufacturers.

Japanese poachers set up camps to harvest feathers on many remote islands in the Central Pacific. The feather trade was primarily focused on Laysan albatross , black-footed albatross , masked booby , lesser frigatebird , greater frigatebird , sooty tern and other species of tern.

Although feather collecting and plumage exploitation had been outlawed in the territorial United States, there is no record of any enforcement actions at Wake Island.

In January , the Japanese ship Toyoshima Maru , en route from Tateyama , Japan, to the South Pacific , encountered a heavy storm that disabled the ship and swept the captain and five of the crew overboard.

The 36 remaining crew members managed to make landfall on Wake Island, where they endured five months of great hardship, disease and starvation.

In May , the Brazilian Navy training ship Benjamin Constant , while on a voyage around the world, passed by the island and spotted a tattered red distress flag.

Unable to land a boat, the crew executed a challenging three-day rescue operation using rope and cable to bring on board the 20 survivors and transport them to Yokohama.

Bywater recommended establishing a well-defended fueling station at Wake Island to provide coal and oil for United States Navy ships engaged in future operations against Japan.

Sherwood Picking reported that from "a strategic point of view, Wake Island could not be better located, dividing as it does with Midway, the passage from Honolulu to Guam into almost exact thirds.

Picking suggested clearing the channel to the lagoon for "loaded motor sailing launches" so that parties on shore could receive supplies from passing ships and he strongly recommended that Wake be used as a base for aircraft.

Picking stated that "If the long heralded trans-Pacific flight ever takes place, Wake Island should certainly be occupied and used as an intermediate resting and fueling port.

In , a joint expedition by the then Bureau of the Biological Survey in the U. Wallace contacted Secretary of Navy Edwin Denby to request Navy participation and recommended expanding the expedition to Johnston , Midway and Wake, all islands not administered by the Department of Agriculture.

From July 27 to August 5, the expedition charted the atoll , made extensive zoological and botanical observations and gathered specimens for the Bishop Museum, while the naval vessel under the command of Lt.

Samuel Wilder King conducted a sounding survey offshore. Other achievements at Wake included examinations of three abandoned Japanese feather poaching camps, scientific observations of the now extinct Wake Island rail and confirmation that Wake Island is an atoll , with a group comprising three islands with a central lagoon.

Wetmore named the southwest island for Charles Wilkes , who had led the original pioneering United States Exploring Expedition to Wake in The northwest island was named for Titian Peale , the chief naturalist of that expedition.

To cross the Pacific Ocean his planes would need to island-hop, stopping at various points for refueling and maintenance.

He first tried to plot the route on his globe but it showed only open sea between Midway and Guam. Next, he went to the New York Public Library to study 19th-century clipper ship logs and charts and he "discovered" a little-known coral atoll named Wake Island.

Meanwhile, U. Navy military planners and the State Department were increasingly alarmed by the Empire of Japan 's expansionist attitude and growing belligerence in the Western Pacific.

In the s and s, Japan restricted access to its mandated territory and began to develop harbors and airfields throughout Micronesia in defiance of the Washington Naval Treaty of , which prohibited both the United States and Japan from expanding military fortifications in the Pacific islands.

Navy and the State Department saw an opportunity to project American air power across the Pacific under the guise of a commercial aviation enterprise.

On October 3, , Trippe wrote to the Secretary of the Navy , requesting a five-year lease on Wake Island with an option for four renewals.

Yarnell then designated Wake Island as a bird sanctuary. USS Nitro arrived at Wake Island on March 8, , and conducted a two-day ground, marine and aerial survey, providing the Navy with strategic observations and complete photographic coverage of the atoll.

To construct bases in the Pacific, Pan American Airways PAA chartered the 6,ton freighter SS North Haven , which arrived at Wake Island on May 9, , with construction workers and the necessary materials and equipment to start to build Pan American facilities and to clear the lagoon for a flying boat landing area.

The atoll's encircling coral reef prevented the ship from entering and anchoring in the shallow lagoon itself.

The only suitable location for ferrying supplies and workers ashore was at nearby Wilkes Island; however, the chief engineer of the expedition, Charles R.

Russell, determined that Wilkes was too low and at times flooded and that Peale Island was the best site for the Pan American facilities.

To offload the ship, cargo was lightered barged from ship to shore, carried across Wilkes and then transferred to another barge and towed across the lagoon to Peale Island.

By inspiration, someone had earlier loaded railroad track rails onto North Haven , so the men built a narrow-gauge railway to make it easier to haul the supplies across Wilkes to the lagoon.

On August 17, the first aircraft landing at Wake Island occurred when a PAA flying boat, on a survey flight of the route between Midway and Wake, landed in the lagoon.

A five-ton diesel locomotive for the Wilkes Island Railroad was offloaded and the railway track was extended to run from dock to dock. Across the lagoon on Peale workers assembled the Pan American Hotel, a prefabricated structure with 48 rooms and wide porches and verandas.

The hotel consisted of two wings built out from a central lobby with each room having a bathroom with a hot-water shower.

The PAA facilities staff included a group of Chamorro men from Guam who were employed as kitchen helpers, hotel service attendants and laborers.

On October 11, the China Clipper landed at Wake on a press flight with ten journalists on board. In , Wake Island became a regular stop for PAA's international trans-Pacific passenger and airmail service, with two scheduled flights per week, one westbound from Midway and one eastbound from Guam.

Wake Island is credited with being one of the early successes of hydroponics , which enabled Pan American Airways to grow vegetables for its passengers, as it was very expensive to airlift in fresh vegetables and the island lacked natural soil.

On February 14, , President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued Executive Order to create naval defense areas in the central Pacific territories.

The proclamation established "Wake Island Naval Defensive Sea Area", which encompassed the territorial waters between the extreme high-water marks and the three-mile marine boundaries surrounding Wake.

Only U. Just earlier, in January , the United States Navy began construction of a military base on the atoll. On August 19, the first permanent military garrison, elements of the U.

Marine Corps' First Marine Defense Battalion , [41] totaling officers and men, were stationed on the island, commanded by Navy Cmdr.

Winfield Scott Cunningham. Naval personnel and about 1, civilian workers from the American firm Morrison-Knudsen Corp.

The Marine garrison's defensive emplacements were left intact by the raid, which primarily targeted the aircraft.

The garrison — supplemented by civilian construction workers employed by Morrison-Knudsen Corp. None of us was that much of a damn fool.

We already had more Japs than we could handle. This was put together at Pearl Harbor and passed on as part of the message. The U. Navy attempted to provide support from Hawaii but had suffered great losses at Pearl Harbor.

The relief fleet they managed to organize was delayed by bad weather. The isolated U. Japanese losses exceeded dead, with some estimates ranging as high as 1, Wake's defenders sank two Japanese fast transports P32 and P33 and one submarine and shot down 24 Japanese aircraft.

The relief fleet, en route, on hearing of the island's loss, turned back. In the aftermath of the battle, most of the captured civilians and military personnel were sent to POW camps in Asia, though some of the civilian laborers were enslaved by the Japanese and tasked with improving the island's defenses.

Shigeji Chikamori. The American captives were ordered to build a series of bunkers and fortifications on Wake. Navy established a submarine blockade instead of an amphibious invasion of Wake Island.

After a successful American air raid on October 5, , Sakaibara ordered the execution of all of the 98 captured Americans who remained on the island.

They were taken to the northern end of the island, blindfolded and machine-gunned. This unknown American was soon recaptured and beheaded.

Since the air raids, the garrison had been almost cut off from supplies and was reduced to the point of starvation.

While the islands' sooty tern colony had received some protection as a source of eggs, the Wake Island rail was hunted to extinction by the starving soldiers.

Ultimately about three-quarters of the Japanese garrison perished, and the rest survived only by eating tern eggs, the Pacific rats introduced by prehistoric voyagers, and what scant amount of vegetables they could grow in makeshift gardens among the coral rubble.

The bones were moved to the U. Wooden crosses were erected in preparation for the expected arrival of U. During the initial interrogations, the Japanese claimed that the remaining 98 Americans on the island were mostly killed by an American bombing raid, though some escaped and fought to the death after being cornered on the beach at the north end of Wake Island.

Sakaibara was executed by hanging in Guam on June 18, , while Tachibana's sentence was commuted to life in prison. With the end of hostilities with Japan and the increase in international air travel driven in part by wartime advances in aeronautics , Wake Island became a critical mid-Pacific base for the servicing and refueling of military and commercial aircraft.

The United States Navy resumed control of the island, and in October Seabees from the 85th Naval Construction Battalion arrived at Wake to clear the island of the effects of the war and to build basic facilities for a Naval Air Base.

The base was completed in March and on September 24, regular commercial passenger service was resumed by Pan American Airways Pan Am. The era of the flying boats was nearly over, so Pan Am switched to longer-range, faster and more profitable airplanes that could land on Wake's new coral runway.

Due to the substantial increase in the number of commercial flights, on July 1, , the Navy transferred administration, operations and maintenance of the facilities at Wake to the Civil Aeronautics Administration CAA.

In , the CAA upgraded the runway by paving over the coral surface and extending its length to 7, feet. By September, military aircraft were landing at Wake per day.

President Harry S. They chose to meet at Wake Island because of its close proximity to Korea so that MacArthur would not have to be away from the troops in the field for long.

MILS was developed and installed by the same entities that had completed the first phase of the Atlantic and U. Due to the Army's continued use of the atoll for various missile testing programs, administrative control was transferred to the Department of the Army in Finally, in , the Department of the Air Force resumed administrative control of the island with the 15 th Wing at Hickam Air Force Base assuming support responsibilities for Wake.

Today, the island serves as a trans-Pacific refueling stop for military aircraft and supports Missile Defense Agency test activities. Ws that were executed October 7, by the Japanese.

Nitro Rock — Nitro Rock was inscribed when a U. Naval ship was in port at Wake Island in Japanese Memorial —.

In addition to coral beach and palm trees, scattered across the atoll one can see ruins and remnants from World War II, Pan American World Airways and evidence of a much larger presence that could once be found on the island.

Old bunkers, guns, building remains and even a few shipwrecks off the beaches all showcase the unique history and story of Wake Atoll. Many locations around the atoll are considered historical sites and the waters around the atoll make up part of the U.

At one point connected to Wake Island by a bridge, now people wishing to explore Peale must either swim the short distance between the two islands or kayak.

Thai employees live and work. Air Force partners for environmental conservation on Wake Atoll , April 26, Happy holidays from Wake Island Atoll , December 22, Sanderson , with the handover being officially conducted in a brief ceremony aboard the destroyer escort Levy.

During the initial interrogations, the Japanese claimed that the remaining 98 Americans on the island were mostly killed by an American bombing raid, though some escaped and fought to the death after being cornered on the beach at the north end of Wake Island.

Tachibana, were later sentenced to death after conviction for this and other war crimes. Sakaibara was executed by hanging in Guam on June 18, , while Tachibana's sentence was commuted to life in prison.

The battle is depicted in the movie Wake Island. The battle is mentioned in Quentin Tarantino 's film Pulp Fiction when Christopher Walken 's character, Captain Koons, describes how prize-fighter Butch Coolidge's grandfather, Dane, took part in and was killed in action at the Battle of Wake Island.

Knowing that he would be killed in the coming assault, Dane gives the wristwatch, which the story arc in that part of the film later revolves around, to a stranger on a transport aircraft.

Requesting it be taken home, the watch would eventually -- via several painful insertions -- find its way back to the young Butch. The battle was prominently featured in the video game Battlefield , and its popularity inspired renditions of mostly-ahistorical fictional battles on the island in several later installments of the series.

To date it has also been featured in Battlefield 2 , Battlefield Heroes , Battlefield , Battlefield , Battlefield 3 and Battlefield V , although the Battlefield V version would wrongly depict the battle by having the American forces invade the island on Conquest and Breakthrough while the Japanese forces defend, rather than the other way around, and the Battlefield 2 and 3 versions would have the Americans invade and feature the People's Liberation Army and the Russian Armed Forces instead of the Japanese.

In the computer strategy game Carriers at War there is a separate scenario depicting the relief attempt that was canceled by Admiral Pye.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Japanese offensives, — See also: Japanese war crimes. Archived from the original on Retrieved Scott Wake Island Command.

Benis M. Naval History and Heritage Command. April 1, Kinkaid, U. Naval Historical Center. Annapolis, Md.

Retrieved 2 May Spennemann, 8-inch Coastal Defense Guns". Atlas Obscura. Wake Island A battle to make the gods weep.

Bloomsbury Publishing. Mark E. Hubbs, U. Army Reserve Retired. Archived from the original on February 14, Retrieved February 18, Encyclopedia Britannica.

Kennst du Übersetzungen, die noch nicht in diesem Wörterbuch enthalten sind? Satellitenbild von Wake. About the Refuge. Komm zu dir! Gemeinsam mit Ferdinand Stream weiteren amerikanischen Inseln im Pazifik bilden die Gewässer des Wake-Atolls seit dem 6. Uwe Boll Filme northwestern side of the atoll is open, except for the coral reef, which surrounds the atoll and completes the lagoon's enclosure. In den nachfolgenden Jahren entwickelte sich die Insel zum Lande- und Tankstop für transpazifische Flüge. A US Air Force assessment and repair team returned to the island in Black Mirrir and restored limited function to the airfield and facilities.

Wake Island - Navigationsmenü

Der Titel dieses Artikels ist mehrdeutig. Du kannst trotzdem eine neue Übersetzung vorschlagen, wenn du dich einloggst und andere Vorschläge im Contribute-Bereich überprüfst. About the Refuge.

It is an unincorporated territory of the United States and comprises three low-lying coral islets Wilkes, Peale, and Wake that rise from an underwater volcano to 21 feet 6 metres above sea level and are linked by causeways.

They lie in a crescent configuration on a reef 4. Large rainwater catchments and a distillation plant for seawater have alleviated the problem.

The atoll was visited by the British mariner William Wake and was charted by a U. Charles Wilkes It was formally claimed by the United States in for the site of a cable station and was placed under naval jurisdiction in The following year a commercial seaplane base and hotel were built for overnight stops on transpacific flights to Guam and the Philippines.

In the U. Navy began construction of an air and submarine base; this was half completed when Wake was attacked and occupied by Japanese forces in December The Battle of Wake Island resulted in the capture of more than 1, U.

The atoll has no ports, but there is an airfield that is used by the U. The airfield can be used, however, by commercial aircraft for emergency landings.

In Vietnamese refugees were housed on Wake Island before transport was arranged to the United States. A similar operation in ended with the repatriation of stranded Chinese refugees who had been en route to Hawaii by boat.

The U. National Weather Service and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration operate research stations on the islands.

Bridges link the islets. There is no permanent population except several hundred air force personnel and civilian contractors.

Print Cite. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites. Other achievements at Wake included examinations of three abandoned Japanese feather poaching camps, scientific observations of the now extinct Wake Island rail and confirmation that Wake Island is an atoll , with a group comprising three islands with a central lagoon.

Wetmore named the southwest island for Charles Wilkes , who had led the original pioneering United States Exploring Expedition to Wake in The northwest island was named for Titian Peale , the chief naturalist of that expedition.

To cross the Pacific Ocean his planes would need to island-hop, stopping at various points for refueling and maintenance.

He first tried to plot the route on his globe but it showed only open sea between Midway and Guam. Next, he went to the New York Public Library to study 19th-century clipper ship logs and charts and he "discovered" a little-known coral atoll named Wake Island.

Meanwhile, U. Navy military planners and the State Department were increasingly alarmed by the Empire of Japan 's expansionist attitude and growing belligerence in the Western Pacific.

In the s and s, Japan restricted access to its mandated territory and began to develop harbors and airfields throughout Micronesia in defiance of the Washington Naval Treaty of , which prohibited both the United States and Japan from expanding military fortifications in the Pacific islands.

Navy and the State Department saw an opportunity to project American air power across the Pacific under the guise of a commercial aviation enterprise.

On October 3, , Trippe wrote to the Secretary of the Navy , requesting a five-year lease on Wake Island with an option for four renewals.

Yarnell then designated Wake Island as a bird sanctuary. USS Nitro arrived at Wake Island on March 8, , and conducted a two-day ground, marine and aerial survey, providing the Navy with strategic observations and complete photographic coverage of the atoll.

To construct bases in the Pacific, Pan American Airways PAA chartered the 6,ton freighter SS North Haven , which arrived at Wake Island on May 9, , with construction workers and the necessary materials and equipment to start to build Pan American facilities and to clear the lagoon for a flying boat landing area.

The atoll's encircling coral reef prevented the ship from entering and anchoring in the shallow lagoon itself. The only suitable location for ferrying supplies and workers ashore was at nearby Wilkes Island; however, the chief engineer of the expedition, Charles R.

Russell, determined that Wilkes was too low and at times flooded and that Peale Island was the best site for the Pan American facilities.

To offload the ship, cargo was lightered barged from ship to shore, carried across Wilkes and then transferred to another barge and towed across the lagoon to Peale Island.

By inspiration, someone had earlier loaded railroad track rails onto North Haven , so the men built a narrow-gauge railway to make it easier to haul the supplies across Wilkes to the lagoon.

On August 17, the first aircraft landing at Wake Island occurred when a PAA flying boat, on a survey flight of the route between Midway and Wake, landed in the lagoon.

A five-ton diesel locomotive for the Wilkes Island Railroad was offloaded and the railway track was extended to run from dock to dock. Across the lagoon on Peale workers assembled the Pan American Hotel, a prefabricated structure with 48 rooms and wide porches and verandas.

The hotel consisted of two wings built out from a central lobby with each room having a bathroom with a hot-water shower. The PAA facilities staff included a group of Chamorro men from Guam who were employed as kitchen helpers, hotel service attendants and laborers.

On October 11, the China Clipper landed at Wake on a press flight with ten journalists on board. In , Wake Island became a regular stop for PAA's international trans-Pacific passenger and airmail service, with two scheduled flights per week, one westbound from Midway and one eastbound from Guam.

Wake Island is credited with being one of the early successes of hydroponics , which enabled Pan American Airways to grow vegetables for its passengers, as it was very expensive to airlift in fresh vegetables and the island lacked natural soil.

On February 14, , President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued Executive Order to create naval defense areas in the central Pacific territories.

The proclamation established "Wake Island Naval Defensive Sea Area", which encompassed the territorial waters between the extreme high-water marks and the three-mile marine boundaries surrounding Wake.

Only U. Just earlier, in January , the United States Navy began construction of a military base on the atoll. On August 19, the first permanent military garrison, elements of the U.

Marine Corps' First Marine Defense Battalion , [41] totaling officers and men, were stationed on the island, commanded by Navy Cmdr.

Winfield Scott Cunningham. Naval personnel and about 1, civilian workers from the American firm Morrison-Knudsen Corp. The Marine garrison's defensive emplacements were left intact by the raid, which primarily targeted the aircraft.

The garrison — supplemented by civilian construction workers employed by Morrison-Knudsen Corp. None of us was that much of a damn fool.

We already had more Japs than we could handle. This was put together at Pearl Harbor and passed on as part of the message. The U.

Navy attempted to provide support from Hawaii but had suffered great losses at Pearl Harbor. The relief fleet they managed to organize was delayed by bad weather.

The isolated U. Japanese losses exceeded dead, with some estimates ranging as high as 1, Wake's defenders sank two Japanese fast transports P32 and P33 and one submarine and shot down 24 Japanese aircraft.

The relief fleet, en route, on hearing of the island's loss, turned back. In the aftermath of the battle, most of the captured civilians and military personnel were sent to POW camps in Asia, though some of the civilian laborers were enslaved by the Japanese and tasked with improving the island's defenses.

Shigeji Chikamori. The American captives were ordered to build a series of bunkers and fortifications on Wake.

Navy established a submarine blockade instead of an amphibious invasion of Wake Island. After a successful American air raid on October 5, , Sakaibara ordered the execution of all of the 98 captured Americans who remained on the island.

They were taken to the northern end of the island, blindfolded and machine-gunned. This unknown American was soon recaptured and beheaded.

Since the air raids, the garrison had been almost cut off from supplies and was reduced to the point of starvation. While the islands' sooty tern colony had received some protection as a source of eggs, the Wake Island rail was hunted to extinction by the starving soldiers.

Ultimately about three-quarters of the Japanese garrison perished, and the rest survived only by eating tern eggs, the Pacific rats introduced by prehistoric voyagers, and what scant amount of vegetables they could grow in makeshift gardens among the coral rubble.

The bones were moved to the U. Wooden crosses were erected in preparation for the expected arrival of U. During the initial interrogations, the Japanese claimed that the remaining 98 Americans on the island were mostly killed by an American bombing raid, though some escaped and fought to the death after being cornered on the beach at the north end of Wake Island.

Sakaibara was executed by hanging in Guam on June 18, , while Tachibana's sentence was commuted to life in prison.

With the end of hostilities with Japan and the increase in international air travel driven in part by wartime advances in aeronautics , Wake Island became a critical mid-Pacific base for the servicing and refueling of military and commercial aircraft.

The United States Navy resumed control of the island, and in October Seabees from the 85th Naval Construction Battalion arrived at Wake to clear the island of the effects of the war and to build basic facilities for a Naval Air Base.

The base was completed in March and on September 24, regular commercial passenger service was resumed by Pan American Airways Pan Am.

The era of the flying boats was nearly over, so Pan Am switched to longer-range, faster and more profitable airplanes that could land on Wake's new coral runway.

Due to the substantial increase in the number of commercial flights, on July 1, , the Navy transferred administration, operations and maintenance of the facilities at Wake to the Civil Aeronautics Administration CAA.

In , the CAA upgraded the runway by paving over the coral surface and extending its length to 7, feet. By September, military aircraft were landing at Wake per day.

President Harry S. They chose to meet at Wake Island because of its close proximity to Korea so that MacArthur would not have to be away from the troops in the field for long.

MILS was developed and installed by the same entities that had completed the first phase of the Atlantic and U. A MILS installation, consisting of both a target array for precision location and a broad ocean area system for good positions outside the target area, was installed at Wake as part of the system supporting Intercontinental Ballistic Missile ICBM tests.

Stoner was driven onto the reef at Wake Island by a strong southwesterly wind after the ship failed to moor to the two buoys near the harbor entrance.

An estimated six million gallons of refined fuel oil — including 5. Large numbers of fish were killed by the oil spill, and personnel from the FAA and crewmen from the ship cleared the area closest to the spill of dead fish.

John B. At the boat harbor the salvage team pumped and skimmed oil, which they burned each evening in nearby pits.

Recovery by the Navy salvage team of the R. Stoner and its remaining cargo, however, was hampered by strong winds and heavy seas.

On September 16, Super Typhoon Sarah made landfall on Wake Island at peak intensity with winds up to knots , causing widespread damage. The intensity of the storm had the beneficial effect of greatly accelerating the cleanup effort by clearing the harbor and scouring the coast.

Oil did remain, however, embedded in the reef's flat crevices and impregnated in the coral. The storm also had broken the wrecked vessel into three sections and, although delayed by rough seas and harassment by blacktip reef sharks , the salvage team used explosives to flatten and sink the remaining portions of the ship that were still above water.

In the early s, higher-efficiency jet aircraft with longer-range capabilities lessened the use of Wake Island Airfield as a refueling stop, and the number of commercial flights landing at Wake declined sharply.

Pan Am had replaced many of its Boeing s with more efficient s , thus eliminating the need to continue weekly stops at Wake. Other airlines began to eliminate their scheduled flights into Wake.

In June the last scheduled Pan Am passenger flight landed at Wake, and in July Pan Am's last cargo flight departed the island, marking the end of the heyday of Wake Island's commercial aviation history.

During this same time period the U. The steady decrease in air traffic control activities at Wake Island was apparent and was expected to continue into the future.

In July, the FAA turned over administration of the island to the Military Airlift Command MAC , although legal ownership stayed with the Department of the Interior , and the FAA continued to maintain the air navigation facilities and provide air traffic control services.

In , Wake Island was selected as a launch site for the testing of defensive systems against intercontinental ballistic missiles under the U.

Army's Project Have Mill. In the spring of , the population of Wake Island consisted of military, government and civilian contract personnel, whose primary mission was to maintain the airfield as a Mid-Pacific emergency runway.

The original plans included the Philippines' Subic Bay and Guam as refugee processing centers, but due to the high number of Vietnamese seeking evacuation, Wake Island was selected as an additional location.

Hoon was contacted by Pacific Air Forces PACAF and ordered to prepare Wake for its new mission as a refugee processing center where Vietnamese evacuees could be medically screened, interviewed and transported to the United States or other resettlement countries.

A man civil engineering team was brought in to reopen boarded-up buildings and housing, two complete MASH units arrived to set up field hospitals and three Army field kitchens were deployed.

Immigration and Naturalization Service and various other administrative and support personnel were also on Wake.

Potable water , food, medical supplies, clothing and other supplies were shipped in. On April 26, , the first C military transport aircraft carrying refugees arrived.

The airlift to Wake continued at a rate of one C every hour and 45 minutes, each aircraft with refugees on board. At the peak of the mission, 8, Vietnamese refugees were on Wake.

When the airlift ended on August 2, a total of about 15, refugees had been processed through Wake Island as part of Operation New Life.

On March 20, , Undersecretary James A. Joseph of the U. Department of the Interior reported that radiation levels from Operation Crossroads and other atomic tests conducted in the s and s on Bikini Atoll were still too high and those island natives that returned to Bikini would once again have to be relocated.

The delegation also traveled to Hawaii Molokai and Hilo , Palmyra Atoll and various atolls in the Marshall Islands including Mili , Knox , Jaluit , Ailinglaplap , Erikub and Likiep but the group agreed that they were only interested in resettlement on Wake Island due to the presence of the U.

Unfortunately for the Bikini Islanders, the U. Department of Defense responded that "any such resettlement is out of the question.

The squadron was en route from Japan to the U. From April 20 to 23, , a party of 19 Japanese, including 16 former Japanese soldiers who were at Wake during World War II, visited the island to pay respects for their war dead at the Japanese Shinto Shrine.

As a result of this survey, Wake Island was designated as a National Historic Landmark NHL on September 16, , helping to preserve sites and artifacts on the atoll associated with WWII in the Pacific and the transpacific aviation era prior to the war.

On November 3 and 4, , a group of former American prisoners of war POWs visited Wake with their wives and children. Author James A.

Michener and Lars Lindbergh, grandson of aviator Charles Lindbergh , were among the dignitaries on board the aircraft. Sullivan , proclaimed that March 22 of each year will be celebrated as "Wake Island Day" on the atoll.

Peterson in attendance. The US flag on the pole in front of the airfield terminal building hung at half mast for 16 days to commemorate the number of days that the Americans held the island prior to surrendering to the Japanese 2nd Maizuru Special Naval Landing Force.

Subsequently, the island has been used for strategic defense and operations during and after the Cold War , with Wake Island serving as a launch platform for military rockets involved in testing anti-missile defense systems and atmospheric re-entry trials.

Wake's location allows for a safe launch and trajectory over the unpopulated ocean with open space for intercepts. In , the U. The program involved using electro-optical and laser systems, mounted on the Starlab platform in the payload bay of an orbiting Space Shuttle , to acquire, track and target Starbird missiles launched from Cape Canaveral and Wake.

After being impacted by mission scheduling delays caused by the explosion of the Space Shuttle Challenger , the program was canceled in late September to protect funding for another U.

Army space-based missile defense program known as Brilliant Pebbles. Although no Starbird missiles were ever launched from Wake Island, the Starbird launch facilities at Wake were modified to support rocket launches for the Brilliant Pebbles program with the first launch occurring on January 29, The program was canceled in The first launch, on January 28, , reached apogee at miles kilometers and was a success.

The second launch, on February 11, reached apogee at 1. Due to the U. Army's continued use of the atoll for various missile testing programs, on October 1, , the U.

Air Force. Now under U. S Army control, the island, which is located miles 1, kilometers north of Kwajalein Atoll , became a rocket launch site for the Kwajalein Missile Range known as the Wake Island Launch Center.

In July , various units of the U. Coast Guard south of Hawaii. From October 10 to November 21, , military units assigned to Operation Marathon Pacific used facilities at Wake Island as a staging area for the repatriation of another group of more than Chinese illegal immigrants who had been interdicted in the Atlantic Ocean near Bermuda aboard the human smuggling vessel, the Xing Da.

On October 1, , administrative control and support of Wake Island was transferred from the U. Army to the U. The 15th Wing had previously been in control of Wake from July 1, to September 30, Army's Ronald Reagan Ballistic Missile Defense Test Site would continue to maintain and operate the launch facilities and also provide instrumentation, communications, flight and ground safety, security, and other support.

On January 6, , President George W. The proclamation assigned management of the nearby waters and submerged and emergent lands of the islands to the Department of the Interior and management of fishery-related activities in waters beyond 12 nautical miles from the islands' mean low water line to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA.

Management of the emergent lands at Wake Island by the U. Fish and Wildlife Service , however, will not begin until the existing management agreement between the Secretary of the Air Force and the Secretary of the Interior is terminated.

The th ASG was already providing support and management to various geographically remote Air Force sites within Alaska and the addition of Wake Island provided the unit with more opportunities for outdoor projects during the winter months when projects in Alaska are very limited.

The objective was to test the ability of the Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense and THAAD Weapon Systems to defeat a raid of three near-simultaneous air and missile targets, consisting of one medium-range ballistic missile , one short-range ballistic missile and one cruise missile target.

During the test, a THAAD system on Wake Island detected and destroyed a short-range target simulating a short-range ballistic missile that was launched by a C transport plane.

At the same time, the THAAD system and the destroyer both launched missiles to intercept a medium-range ballistic missile, launched by a second C New satellite imagery that The War Zone obtained from Planet Labs dated June 25th, shows that substantial improvements to the base have occurred recently.

Based on archival satellite imagery, the major expansions to the airfield began early this year and are still underway today.

Wake Island has no permanent inhabitants and access is restricted. However, as of , there are about Air Force personnel and American and Thai contractor residents at any given time.

This position is held by General Counsel Thomas E. The general counsel provides civil, legal and judicial authority and can appoint one or more judges to serve on the Wake Island Court and the Wake Island Court of Appeals.

The commander may issue permits or registrations, appoint peace officers , impose quarantines , issue traffic regulations , commission notaries public , direct evacuations and inspections and carry out other duties, powers, and functions as the agent of the general counsel on Wake.

Since Wake Island is an active Air Force airfield, the commander is also the senior officer in charge of all activities on the island. Air transportation facilities at Wake are operated by the United States Air Force at Wake Island Airfield in support of trans-Pacific military operations, western Pacific military contingency operations and missile launch activities.

The 9,foot-long 3,meter runway on Wake is also available to provide services for military and commercial in-flight emergencies. Aircraft ramps are available for processing passengers and cargo, and for refueling up to 36 aircraft types, including DC-8 , C-5 , C , and C aircraft.

Although there is only one flight scheduled every other week to transport passengers and cargo to Wake, approximately aircraft per year use Wake Island Airfield.

Although Wake Island is supplied by sea-going barges and ships, the island's only harbor between Wilkes and Wake is too narrow and shallow for sea-going vessels to enter.

The Base Operations Support BOS contractor maintains three small landing barges for transferring material from ships moored offshore to the dockyard in the harbor.

Off-load hydrants are also used to pump gasoline and JP-5 fuels to the storage tanks on Wilkes. The landing barges and recreational offshore sportfishing boats are docked in the marina.

Transportation on Wake Island is provided by contractor or government-owned vehicles. The primary road is a two-lane paved road extending the length of Wake Island to the causeway between Wake Island and Wilkes Island.

The causeway was rehabilitated in and is capable of supporting heavy equipment. A bridge connecting Wake and Peale Islands burned down in December A combination of paved and coral gravel roads serves the marina area.

Paved access to Wilkes Island ends at the petroleum tank farm, where a road constructed of crushed coral provides access to the western point of Wilkes Island.

A portion of the road, near the unfinished WWII submarine channel, is flooded nearly every year by high seas. The launch sites are accessed from the main paved road on Wake Island by paved and coral roads.

Generally, the road network is suitable for low-speed, light-duty use only. Wake Island's paved roadway network has been adequately maintained to move materials, services, and personnel from the airfield on the southern end to the personnel support area on the northern end.

Modes of transportation include walking, bicycles, light utility carts, automobiles, vans and larger trucks and equipment.

Their claim was based on oral legends and songs, passed down through generations, describing ancient Marshallese voyages to Wake to gather food and a sacred bird's wing bone used in traditional tattooing ceremonies.

Congress proposed including Wake Island within the boundaries of the U. In response, Marshallese President Amata Kabua reasserted his nation's claim to Wake, declaring that Enen-kio was a site of great importance to the traditional chiefly rituals of the Marshall Islands.

The self-declared Kingdom of EnenKio has also claimed Wake Island as a separate sovereign nation and has issued passports. Securities and Exchange Commission from fraudulently issuing bonds for the non-existent nation.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the U. For other uses, see Wake Island disambiguation. United States Minor Outlying Island.

This article's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. Please improve this article by removing excessive or inappropriate external links, and converting useful links where appropriate into footnote references.

July Learn how and when to remove this template message. United States Minor Outlying Islands. Unofficial Flag. Long, Secretary of the Navy.

Commander Edward D. Taussig, U. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Wake Island On August 19, the first Carsten Maschmeyer military garrison, elements of the U. The New York Times. In the computer strategy game Carriers at War there is a separate scenario depicting the relief attempt that was canceled by Admiral Pye. Thai employees live and work. The airfield can be used, however, Kinox Lost commercial aircraft for emergency landings. Print Cite. Wake is located two-thirds of the way from Honolulu to Guam. The center of activity on the atoll Wake Island at Wake Island Airfieldwhich is primarily used as a mid-Pacific refueling Goldfische Stream for military aircraft and an emergency landing area. New York: Zdf Mediathek Die Brücke Staffel 4 University Press.

Wake Island - Files in this item

Wake Island unterstützt Kämpfe an Land, zu Wasser und in der Luft und abhängig vom gewählten Spielmodus unterschiedliche Geschwindigkeiten. Vegetation is densest on the south leg of Wake Island, west and south of the airfield. An unidentified prisoner escaped, and chiseled "98 US PW " on a large coral rock near their mass grave. Itunes Trailer same goes Tolga Saritas the texts in the Hollywood Filme sections. Deutsch-Englisch-Übersetzung für: Wake Island. Contents 1 General maps 2 Satellite maps 3 Notes and references 4 Entries available in the atlas. Die auf der Insel endemische Wake-Ralle Gallirallus wakensis kam bis etwa vor, seitdem gilt sie als ausgestorben. Am Jährlich finden insgesamt rund Landungen statt. Wikimedia Commons Atlas of the World Lass Es Krachen Wikimedia Atlas of the World is an organized and commented collection of geographical, political and Serie Taboo maps available at Wikimedia Commons. Wake Island Wake Island

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